Chapter 5: Short-Term and Working Memory Quiz

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10 Questions

What type of memory is involved in retaining, retrieving, and using information about stimuli, images, events, ideas, and skills after the original information is no longer present?

Long-term memory

Which stage of memory holds five to seven items for about 15 to 20 seconds?

Short-term memory

In the Modal Model of Memory by Atkinson and Shiffrin, what is the initial stage that holds all incoming information for seconds or fractions of a second?

Sensory memory

Which type of long-term memory involves muscle coordination?

Procedural memory

What are the control processes in the Modal Model of Memory that can be controlled by the person?

Rehearsal

What is responsible for the persistence of visual stimulus even after it is no longer present?

Iconic memory

Which method of measuring the capacity and duration of sensory memory involves asking participants to report as many letters as they could see?

Whole report method

What term refers to the brief sensory memory of the things that we hear?

Echoic memory

In the modal model of memory, which type of memory holds a large amount of information for a short period of time?

Sensory memory

Which type of interference occurs when new learning interferes with remembering old learning?

Retroactive interference

Study Notes

Types of Memory

  • Long-term memory is involved in retaining, retrieving, and using information about stimuli, images, events, ideas, and skills after the original information is no longer present.

Short-Term Memory

  • Holds five to seven items for about 15 to 20 seconds.

Modal Model of Memory

  • The initial stage that holds all incoming information for seconds or fractions of a second is called Sensory Memory.
  • Control processes that can be controlled by the person include attention, rehearsal, and retrieval strategies.

Long-Term Memory

  • Procedural memory involves muscle coordination.

Sensory Memory

  • Iconic memory is responsible for the persistence of visual stimulus even after it is no longer present.
  • The partial-report method is used to measure the capacity and duration of sensory memory, involving asking participants to report as many letters as they could see.

Auditory Memory

  • Echoic memory refers to the brief sensory memory of the things that we hear.

Modal Model of Memory

  • Sensory memory holds a large amount of information for a short period of time.

Interference

  • Proactive interference occurs when new learning interferes with remembering old learning.

Test your understanding of the memory processes involved in retaining, retrieving, and using information. Explore questions about remembering telephone numbers, memory involvement in tasks like math problems, and the use of memory systems for visual and auditory information.

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