Canine Behaviour Development Quiz

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103 Questions

What is the term used to describe a dog's friendliness towards unknown people and other canids?

Sociability

Which trait involves a dog's reactivity when the owner returns home or when preparing for a trip?

Excitability

What trait is related to a dog's willingness to play games like fetch and tug-of-war?

Playfulness

According to the text, which trait of dogs is unproven and unlikely to be consistently displayed between breeds?

Trainability

In what stage of a dog's life do personality traits appear to become more established?

Early mature animals

According to the text, what is required for animal behavioral communication?

Genetics and learning ability

What form of communication between people and dogs is mentioned in the text as requiring understandable communication?

Pointing (gestures)

According to the text, do dogs truly understand words?

'Understanding words' varies between individual dogs within the same breed

'Looking at the object, the dog will move in that direction' is related to which form of communication mentioned in the text?

'Pointing (gestures)'

What does the text suggest about the trainability of dogs between breeds?

It's unproven and unlikely to be consistently displayed between breeds

What is the role of the cerebral cortex in mammals?

Integration of sensory stimuli and higher learning

Which system is responsible for voluntary control of muscle contraction?

Somatic nervous system

What is the main stimuli response during the neonatal phase of canid behavior development?

Tactile and olfactory stimuli

What type of response is dog chasing a rabbit considered to be?

An innate response

What effect does castration have on reproductive behavior in dogs?

Decreases testosterone and alters reproductive behavior

What are Tinbergen's four questions in ethology meant to address?

Cause, purpose, development, and effect of a response

What aspect of behavior is affected by both the environment and genetics of the animal?

All of the above

What is the role of the limbic system in mammals' behaviors?

Basic behaviors such as feeding, fear, aggression, and sexual behavior

What are the two main components of the nervous system?

Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system

Which group of questions does Tinbergen's four questions fail to take into consideration?

The dog's emotional and cognitive aspect of behavior

During which stage of development do dogs typically show the first manifestation of fear and aggression?

Socialization (3-8 weeks of age)

How are social hierarchy and communication skills established in wolves and domestic dogs?

Through visual cues, body posture, facial expressions, and barking

What characteristic is described as dispositional and determines behavior in many different types of situations in dogs?

Personality traits

Which type of stimuli can trigger fearful responses in dogs?

Loud noise (thunderstorms) and unknown dogs

At what age are domestic dogs usually full-grown, depending on breed?

6-24 months

Which stage is characterized by improved motor function and no maternal stimulation for elimination in dogs?

Transition (early development of adult traits)

What can affect animal fitness in a population, either beneficial, neutral, or detrimental?

Genes (DNA)

What do wolves have more of compared to domestic dogs and other wild canids?

'Social behaviour' abilities

What type of response is most studied in animals and can vary across breeds from inhibition to avoidance?

'Fearfulness'

'Fairness' is a part of social play that helps individual animals benefit and survive within the environment. What are some basic characteristics of social play mentioned in the text?

'Bite play vs dominance-aggression'

What trait makes domesticated dogs more versatile in their diets compared to obligate carnivores?

Diversity of prey

Which technique provides more conclusive evidence when differentiating between canid species for domestication purposes?

Mitochondrial DNA analysis

What term is used to describe the science that studies animal behavior, including causation and function?

Ethology

What makes urban centers a potential problem for social hunting behavior in domesticated dogs?

Limited space for pack hunting

What is the likely location of the original domestication of domesticated dogs based on molecular evidence?

East Asia

What molecular measurements are mentioned to have underestimated the domesticated dog lineage presence?

Karyotypes

Which feature of domesticated dogs allows them to run fast over long distances with great stamina?

Long, slender limbs

What is the term used to describe animals that can incapacitate prey larger than themselves when hunting in packs?

'Social hunters'

What type of analysis is hard to accurately differentiate between canid species like fox, small wolf, and large wolf?

'Morphometric analysis'

Why are domesticated dogs considered more versatile compared to obligate carnivores?

They have a variety of prey and are not limited to only meat-based diets

What is the definition of the Human-Animal Bond according to the Argus Institute?

A dynamic relationship between people and other animals that can be mutually beneficial or create negative consequences

Which theory involves forming general relationships from data generated from related studies to develop new theoretical principles?

Inductive theory

According to the Biophilia hypothesis, human dependence on nature extends beyond simple material and physical sustenance to encompass what?

Aesthetic, intellectual, cognitive, and spiritual meaning

What is the main purpose of selfobjects in Self Psychology Theory?

To modify or maintain the inner experience of self

What type of behavior does hoarding of 'things' represent according to the text?

A widely accepted normative and accepted behavior

What term refers to the relatively new term for hoarding disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)?

Hoarder Disorder

'Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)' is characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry, by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the associated anxiety, or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions. What do these repetitive behaviors aim to reduce according to the text?

The associated anxiety only

'Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD)' is characterized by a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency. What does this pattern of behavior come at the expense of according to the text?

'Flexibility, openness, and efficiency'

'Mirror selfobject' provides self with recognition, affirmation and confirmation, in the context of goodness, grandness and wholeness. What does 'Mirror selfobject' provide to the self according to the text?

'Recognition and affirmation'

Hillary conducted poetry readings in which her dog was the enthusiastic audience. What was the dog's response when asked 'Did you like it' according to the text?

All of the above

Hillary revealed that she had spent a great deal of time training them in obedience classes and entering them in professionally judged competitions. What was Hillary training her dog for according to the text?

Professionally judged competitions

What is the definition of a companion animal according to the ASPCA?

Animals whose physical and emotional needs can be readily met as companions in the home or in close daily relationship with humans

What is the human-animal bond, as defined by the American Veterinary Medical Association?

A mutually beneficial and dynamic relationship between people and animals

Which of the following animals is considered a companion animal?

Domestic cat

What is the purpose of the companion animals' domestication or breeding?

To meet their physical and emotional needs as companions in a home or close relationship with humans

Which type of relationship is formed between people and companion animals, according to the ASPCA?

Mutually beneficial and dynamic relationship

What does the term 'companion' refer to in the context of this text?

A person or animal with whom one spends time or travels

What is the definition of Biophilia according to E.O Wilson (1983)?

The human tendency to relate with life and natural process as an expression of biological need.

Which theory is characterized by a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, mental and interpersonal control?

Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) Theory

What is the main benefit of Social Support Animals according to the text?

Source of companionship important for well-being and security.

What is the significance of the bond in Human-Animal Bond according to the definition by Argus Institute?

It is influenced by both human and animal behaviors as well as animals' health status and peoples' life circumstances.

What is a distinguishing feature of Self Psychology Theory's 'Selfobject'?

Objects that modify or maintain the inner experience of self.

What is one of the types of Selfobjects mentioned in the text?

Mirror selfobjects

What behavior is widely accepted as normative and provides psychological benefit according to the text?

'Collecting' behavior

'Hoarder Disorder' was previously categorized under which term in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)?

'Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)'

'OCD' is characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry, by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing what according to the text?

'Associated anxiety'

'Biophilia' hypothesis suggests that human dependence on nature extends beyond what according to E.O Wilson (1983)?

'Simple material and physical sustenance'

What does the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) believe companion animals should be?

Domesticated animals whose emotional and physical needs can be readily met as companions

According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, what is the human-animal bond?

A mutually beneficial and dynamic relationship between people and animals

Which of the following animals is considered a companion animal?

Parrot

What is the lowest rank of certain orders of knighthood called?

Companion

In astronomy, what does 'companion' refer to?

The fainter of the two components of a double star

What is the main factor influencing whether a species is suitable as a companion animal according to the ASPCA?

Ease of meeting emotional and physical needs as companions

Which order of knighthood has members with companions as the lowest rank?

Order of the Garter

'The human-animal bond is influenced by behaviors essential to the health and well-being of both.' According to this definition, which of these behaviors is NOT essential to the bond?

Understanding quantum mechanics

'Companion' can refer to an employee, usually a woman, who provides company for an employer, especially an elderly woman. This usage is seen primarily in which context?

Historical context

What is the role of a companion in older contexts?

To provide company for another person or others

What is a guidebook or handbook sometimes referred to as?

Manual

In the context of astronomy, what does 'companion' refer to?

The secondary component of a double star

What is one characteristic of animal hoarders based on the provided text?

They have a fear of animals being euthanized

What demographic is commonly associated with animal hoarders?

Women of middle age or older

What trait is associated with children who display animal cruelty?

Lack of inhibitory control and lack of empathic traits

What behavior did Albert Disalvo, Edward Emil Kemper lll, David Berkowitz, Ted Bundy, and Andrew Cunanan engage in during their early years?

Abusing and killing animals

What is one observation mentioned in the text about the link between family violence and animal cruelty?

Animal cruelty can indicate family violence or family problems

What characteristic is scored higher in females compared to their male counterparts in relation to animal abuse and violence?

Empathy

What did Edward Emil Kemper lll do to his own cat, similar to what he did to his own mother?

Killed and decapitated them

'Mania without Delirium' was coined by which French physician in 1806?

Philippe Pinel

'Conduct disorder' is a psychological disorder diagnosed in childhood that presents itself through what pattern of behavior?

'Callous or unemotional' traits

'Animal cruelty is an indicator of family violence or family problems.' True or False?

True

What is one characteristic scored higher in both male and female individuals involved in animal abuse and violence, compared to the general population?

Criminal thinking

What was one action that Andrew Cunanan engaged in, which indicates a troubling behavior towards animals?

Gathering crabs and burning their eyes with a lighted match

What kind of individual is most commonly associated with animal hoarding?

Middle-aged or older women living alone

What does an animal hoarder fail to provide for the animals in their care?

Nutrition, sanitation, and veterinary care

What psychological disorder is mentioned as a predecessor to antisocial personality disorder in the text?

Conduct disorder

Which demographic group shows a high association with adolescent animal cruelty and later violent crime according to the text?

Adolescent males displaying animal cruelty

What did infamous criminals such as Albert Disalvo, Edward Emil Kemper lll, David Berkowitz, Ted Bundy, and Andrew Cunanan have in common during their childhoods?

Engaged in animal abuse or violence

What did the FBI's analysis of the lives of serial killers suggest about their childhood behavior?

Most had killed or tortured animals as children

What is the connection between animal cruelty and family violence according to the text?

'Family problems' can manifest into animal cruelty

'Conduct disorder' in children is characterized by a combination of which traits according to the text?

'Lack of inhibitory control' and 'lack of empathic traits'

'Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD)' is characterized by a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, mental and interpersonal control. According to the text, what does this pattern of behavior come at the expense of?

'Flexibility' and 'openness'

'Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)' involves intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry. According to the text, what do these repetitive behaviors aim to reduce?

'Anxiety' associated with the intrusive thoughts

What makes urban centers a potential problem for social hunting behavior in domesticated dogs according to the text?

Restrictions on off-leash activities in urban areas

What are some of the common traits associated with animal abusers based on the information provided in the text?

Criminal thinking, bullying, and power orientation

Test your knowledge on the development of canine behavior from early stages to adulthood, including socialization and sensory milestones. Explore the key traits and behaviors exhibited by dogs at different stages of their development.

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