Business Structures Quiz

GlamorousSloth6217 avatar
GlamorousSloth6217
·

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

28 Questions

What is Information Technology. Give three examples.

l

What can IT be used for?

j

What are the four functions of a computer?

Input, storage, processing, output.

What Is data and information?

Data is unprocessed information, information is data that has been processed and can be understood.

What is Hardware?

What are the main components of a computer?

What is CPU speed measured in?

What are advantages and disadvantages of three different storage devices?

Name 3 peripheral devices.

What are the two types of software?

What is a GUI?

What is a desktop?

What are the typical features of a computer?

What are the 2 types of networks and what's the difference between them?

What are the 2 different networking methods?

What are the network topologies?

What does firewall and VPN software do?

What is a word processor?

What are the 4 word processor alignments?

What does a spreadsheet software allow users to do?

What is a cell?

What is absolute cell referencing?

What types of info can you enter into a spreadsheet?

What are the main parts of a graph?

What are the different types of charts and what are they used for?

How should you protect yourself online?

What does a multimedia presentation/ software include?

What are the main features of a presentation software?

Study Notes

Information Technology

  • Information Technology (IT) refers to the use of computers and telecommunications to store, retrieve, and transmit data.
  • Examples of IT include:
    • Computer hardware and software
    • Telecommunications (e.g. internet, phone)
    • Databases and data storage

Functions of a Computer

  • The four functions of a computer are:
    • Input: receiving data or instructions
    • Processing: executing instructions and performing calculations
    • Storage: holding data or program instructions
    • Output: displaying or producing the results

Data and Information

  • Data refers to raw, unorganized facts and figures
  • Information refers to organized, meaningful, and useful data

Hardware

  • Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer system
  • Examples of hardware include:
    • Central Processing Unit (CPU)
    • Memory (RAM)
    • Storage devices (e.g. hard drive, solid state drive)

Components of a Computer

  • The main components of a computer are:
    • CPU (brain of the computer)
    • Motherboard (main circuit board)
    • Memory (RAM)
    • Storage devices (e.g. hard drive, solid state drive)
    • Input devices (e.g. keyboard, mouse)
    • Output devices (e.g. monitor, printer)

CPU Speed

  • CPU speed is measured in Hertz (Hz), typically in gigahertz (GHz)

Storage Devices

  • Advantages and disadvantages of different storage devices:
    • Hard Drive: high storage capacity, low cost, but slow access time and prone to mechanical failure
    • Solid State Drive (SSD): fast access time, low power consumption, but high cost and limited storage capacity
    • Flash Drive: portable, high storage capacity, but slow access time and limited rewrite cycles

Peripheral Devices

  • Examples of peripheral devices:
    • Printer
    • Scanner
    • Speakers

Software

  • The two types of software are:
    • System software (e.g. operating system, device drivers)
    • Application software (e.g. word processor, spreadsheet, games)

Graphical User Interface (GUI)

  • A GUI is a visual interface that allows users to interact with a computer using icons, menus, and windows

Desktop

  • The desktop is the main interface of a computer's operating system, where users can access files, programs, and settings

Typical Features of a Computer

  • Typical features of a computer include:
    • Desktop
    • Taskbar
    • Icons
    • Windows

Types of Networks

  • The two types of networks are:
    • Local Area Network (LAN): connects devices in a limited geographic area
    • Wide Area Network (WAN): connects devices over a larger geographic area

Networking Methods

  • The two different networking methods are:
    • Wired networking (e.g. Ethernet)
    • Wireless networking (e.g. Wi-Fi, Bluetooth)

Network Topologies

  • Common network topologies include:
    • Bus topology
    • Star topology
    • Ring topology
    • Mesh topology

Firewall and VPN Software

  • Firewall software protects a computer from unauthorized access
  • VPN (Virtual Private Network) software encrypts internet connections for secure communication

Word Processor

  • A word processor is a software application that allows users to create, edit, and print documents

Word Processor Alignments

  • The four word processor alignments are:
    • Left alignment
    • Right alignment
    • Center alignment
    • Justified alignment

Spreadsheet Software

  • Spreadsheet software allows users to:
    • Enter and store data in a table format
    • Perform calculations and analysis on data
    • Create charts and graphs

Cell in a Spreadsheet

  • A cell is a single unit of data in a spreadsheet, identified by a row and column number

Absolute Cell Referencing

  • Absolute cell referencing refers to a cell reference that remains fixed, even when the formula is copied to another cell

Types of Data in a Spreadsheet

  • Types of data that can be entered into a spreadsheet include:
    • Numbers
    • Text
    • Dates
    • Formulas

Parts of a Graph

  • The main parts of a graph include:
    • Title
    • Axes (x-axis and y-axis)
    • Data points
    • Legend

Types of Charts

  • Different types of charts and their uses:
    • Bar chart: compares categorical data
    • Pie chart: shows proportion of data
    • Line chart: shows trends over time
    • Column chart: compares categorical data

Online Protection

  • To protect yourself online, you should:
    • Use strong passwords and keep them confidential
    • Be cautious of phishing scams and spam emails
    • Keep software and operating system up to date

Multimedia Presentation Software

  • A multimedia presentation software includes:
    • Text
    • Images
    • Audio
    • Video
    • Animation

Features of a Presentation Software

  • The main features of a presentation software include:
    • Slides
    • Templates
    • Transitions and animations
    • Collaboration tools

Test your knowledge of business structures in this quiz designed for Grade 9 Ontario Business students. Identify the characteristics of sole proprietorships, disadvantages of partnerships, and features of corporations. Sharpen your understanding of different business types with this engaging quiz.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser