Business Structures Quiz

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28 Questions

What is Information Technology. Give three examples.


What can IT be used for?


What are the four functions of a computer?

Input, storage, processing, output.

What Is data and information?

Data is unprocessed information, information is data that has been processed and can be understood.

What is Hardware?

What are the main components of a computer?

What is CPU speed measured in?

What are advantages and disadvantages of three different storage devices?

Name 3 peripheral devices.

What are the two types of software?

What is a GUI?

What is a desktop?

What are the typical features of a computer?

What are the 2 types of networks and what's the difference between them?

What are the 2 different networking methods?

What are the network topologies?

What does firewall and VPN software do?

What is a word processor?

What are the 4 word processor alignments?

What does a spreadsheet software allow users to do?

What is a cell?

What is absolute cell referencing?

What types of info can you enter into a spreadsheet?

What are the main parts of a graph?

What are the different types of charts and what are they used for?

How should you protect yourself online?

What does a multimedia presentation/ software include?

What are the main features of a presentation software?

Study Notes

Information Technology

  • Information Technology (IT) refers to the use of computers and telecommunications to store, retrieve, and transmit data.
  • Examples of IT include:
    • Computer hardware and software
    • Telecommunications (e.g. internet, phone)
    • Databases and data storage

Functions of a Computer

  • The four functions of a computer are:
    • Input: receiving data or instructions
    • Processing: executing instructions and performing calculations
    • Storage: holding data or program instructions
    • Output: displaying or producing the results

Data and Information

  • Data refers to raw, unorganized facts and figures
  • Information refers to organized, meaningful, and useful data


  • Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer system
  • Examples of hardware include:
    • Central Processing Unit (CPU)
    • Memory (RAM)
    • Storage devices (e.g. hard drive, solid state drive)

Components of a Computer

  • The main components of a computer are:
    • CPU (brain of the computer)
    • Motherboard (main circuit board)
    • Memory (RAM)
    • Storage devices (e.g. hard drive, solid state drive)
    • Input devices (e.g. keyboard, mouse)
    • Output devices (e.g. monitor, printer)

CPU Speed

  • CPU speed is measured in Hertz (Hz), typically in gigahertz (GHz)

Storage Devices

  • Advantages and disadvantages of different storage devices:
    • Hard Drive: high storage capacity, low cost, but slow access time and prone to mechanical failure
    • Solid State Drive (SSD): fast access time, low power consumption, but high cost and limited storage capacity
    • Flash Drive: portable, high storage capacity, but slow access time and limited rewrite cycles

Peripheral Devices

  • Examples of peripheral devices:
    • Printer
    • Scanner
    • Speakers


  • The two types of software are:
    • System software (e.g. operating system, device drivers)
    • Application software (e.g. word processor, spreadsheet, games)

Graphical User Interface (GUI)

  • A GUI is a visual interface that allows users to interact with a computer using icons, menus, and windows


  • The desktop is the main interface of a computer's operating system, where users can access files, programs, and settings

Typical Features of a Computer

  • Typical features of a computer include:
    • Desktop
    • Taskbar
    • Icons
    • Windows

Types of Networks

  • The two types of networks are:
    • Local Area Network (LAN): connects devices in a limited geographic area
    • Wide Area Network (WAN): connects devices over a larger geographic area

Networking Methods

  • The two different networking methods are:
    • Wired networking (e.g. Ethernet)
    • Wireless networking (e.g. Wi-Fi, Bluetooth)

Network Topologies

  • Common network topologies include:
    • Bus topology
    • Star topology
    • Ring topology
    • Mesh topology

Firewall and VPN Software

  • Firewall software protects a computer from unauthorized access
  • VPN (Virtual Private Network) software encrypts internet connections for secure communication

Word Processor

  • A word processor is a software application that allows users to create, edit, and print documents

Word Processor Alignments

  • The four word processor alignments are:
    • Left alignment
    • Right alignment
    • Center alignment
    • Justified alignment

Spreadsheet Software

  • Spreadsheet software allows users to:
    • Enter and store data in a table format
    • Perform calculations and analysis on data
    • Create charts and graphs

Cell in a Spreadsheet

  • A cell is a single unit of data in a spreadsheet, identified by a row and column number

Absolute Cell Referencing

  • Absolute cell referencing refers to a cell reference that remains fixed, even when the formula is copied to another cell

Types of Data in a Spreadsheet

  • Types of data that can be entered into a spreadsheet include:
    • Numbers
    • Text
    • Dates
    • Formulas

Parts of a Graph

  • The main parts of a graph include:
    • Title
    • Axes (x-axis and y-axis)
    • Data points
    • Legend

Types of Charts

  • Different types of charts and their uses:
    • Bar chart: compares categorical data
    • Pie chart: shows proportion of data
    • Line chart: shows trends over time
    • Column chart: compares categorical data

Online Protection

  • To protect yourself online, you should:
    • Use strong passwords and keep them confidential
    • Be cautious of phishing scams and spam emails
    • Keep software and operating system up to date

Multimedia Presentation Software

  • A multimedia presentation software includes:
    • Text
    • Images
    • Audio
    • Video
    • Animation

Features of a Presentation Software

  • The main features of a presentation software include:
    • Slides
    • Templates
    • Transitions and animations
    • Collaboration tools

Test your knowledge of business structures in this quiz designed for Grade 9 Ontario Business students. Identify the characteristics of sole proprietorships, disadvantages of partnerships, and features of corporations. Sharpen your understanding of different business types with this engaging quiz.

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