Biology: Cell Structure and Functions - Chapter 2 Quiz

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16 Questions

What is the first principle of cell theory?

All living organisms are made of cells

Which scientist stated that all animal tissues are composed of cells?

Rudolf Virchow

Which type of cells consist of organisms in the domains Bacteria and Archaea?

Prokaryotic cells

Who discovered cells in a piece of cork in 1838?

Robert Hook

What is the structural and functional unit of all living things?

Cell

Which scientist first observed and described magnified living things by a simple microscope?

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

Which of the following is a characteristic of all cells?

Semifluid substance called cytosol

What distinguishes the genetic material of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Location in the nucleus

In which type of cell does cellular respiration occur in mesosomes?

Prokaryotic cells

What is a common feature of the genetic material in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Association with histone proteins

What is the main difference in cell division between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Type of division (binary fission vs. mitosis/meiosis)

Which type of cell contains membrane-bound organelles?

Eukaryotic cells

What is a characteristic of the genetic material in prokaryotic cells?

Nucleoid with histone proteins

Where does cellular respiration occur in eukaryotic cells?

Mitochondria

What distinguishes the cell wall composition of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Composed of cellulose or chitin

What is a unique feature of flagella in eukaryotic cells?

Presence of spindle fibers

Test your knowledge on cell structure, functions, and the principles of cell theory with this quiz covering the content from Chapter 2 of Biology. Explore topics such as prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, cell theory, and the importance of cell structure and functions.

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