Behavioral and Cognitive Behavior Theories

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12 Questions

What is the primary focus of Behavior Therapy?

Overt, observable behavior

What is a limitation of Behavior Therapy?

It ignores historical factors that contribute to the client's problems

Which of the following Cognitive-Behavioral Theories is associated with Albert Ellis?

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

What is an example of an irrational thought in REBT?

I should get all As, and if I don't, I'm stupid

What is the purpose of identifying irrational thoughts in REBT?

To inhibit happiness and survival

What is the primary goal of the counseling process in REBT?

To help the client acquire a more realistic philosophy of life

What is the story of the prisoner of war used to illustrate in the context of Cognitive-Behavioral Theories?

The power of the mind in improving performance

What is the sequence of reactions in a self-defeating cognitive pattern?

Sane, illogical, overreaction

What is the purpose of the disputing process in REBT?

To challenge and dispute self-defeating thought processes

What is the result of the A-B-C-D-E model in REBT?

Replacing irrational beliefs with effective new ones

According to REBT research, how does REBT compare to other forms of therapy?

It is comparable to other CBTs

What is a potential multicultural issue with REBT?

It values rational thoughts over intuition

Study Notes

Behavior Therapy

  • Focuses on overt, observable behavior
  • Most procedures and techniques are short-term in nature
  • Importance of establishing clear goals stated in behavioral terms
  • Shortcomings: disregards feelings and emotions, ignores historical factors, minimizes the use of insight in counseling

Cognitive Behavior Theories

  • Focuses on the role of cognition and behavior in psychological functioning and well-being
  • Includes theories such as Rational Emotive Behavior (REBT), Cognitive Therapy, and Reality Therapy

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

  • Developed by Albert Ellis in the 1950s and 1960s
  • Humans can be rational or irrational, with rational thoughts promoting happiness and survival, and irrational thoughts inhibiting happiness and survival
  • Types of irrational thoughts:
    • Should, must, ought
    • Self-damnation
    • I-can't-stand-it-it is
    • Awfulizing

Guided Imagery and Behavior Change

  • Example: improving a golf game through detailed imagination
  • Power of the mind can lead to improvement

A-B-C-D-E Model of REBT Therapy

  • A: Activating event or adversity
  • B: Beliefs about event and adversity
  • C: Emotional consequences
  • D: Disputations to challenge irrational beliefs
  • E: Effective new beliefs replace the irrational ones

REBT Therapy Process

  • Counselors must be careful not to focus only on client sentences and self-statements, but to explore and dispute self-defeating meanings, evaluations, images, and other forms of cognitions
  • Primary goal is to restructure client self-defeating cognitions and help them acquire a more realistic philosophy of life
  • The process of therapy is educational and confrontational in nature

Evaluation of REBT

  • Research indicates REBT is superior to no therapy at all and comparable to other CBTs
  • Multicultural issues: may be inappropriate if the client's culture values absolute thinking, and values "rational thoughts" instead of intuition

This quiz reviews the fundamentals of behavior therapy, focusing on overt and observable behavior, and cognitive behavior theories, highlighting the role of cognition and behavior. It also covers the shortcomings of behavior therapy and the importance of establishing clear goals. Test your knowledge of these psychological concepts!

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