Battle of Buxar 1764 - UPSC Mains History

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What was the significance of the Battle of Buxar?

It marked the beginning of British rule in India

Who were the main parties involved in the Battle of Buxar?

English Forces and the Mughal Empire

What led to the Battle of Buxar?

Misuse of trade privileges by the British East India Company

Which battle laid the foundation for the Battle of Buxar?

Battle of Plassey

What role did the British East India Company play in the Battle of Buxar?

They were one of the main parties involved in the battle

How did European arrival in India impact territorial control?

It resulted in Indian territories being gradually conquered by Europeans

Who was dethroned as the Nawab of Bengal after the Battle of Plassey?

Siraj-Ud-Daulah

Which individual was supported by the British to become the new Nawab after Mir Jafar?

Mir Qasim

What was Mir Qasim's main reason for shifting his capital to Munger Fort from Calcutta?

To receive foreign experts for training his army

Who led the British Army in the Battle of Buxar?

Hector Munro

What action did Mir Qasim take in an attempt to overthrow the English from Bengal?

Form a confederacy with Shuja-Ud-Daulah and Shah Alam II

What role did Shah Alam II play in the Battle of Buxar?

Formed an alliance with Mir Qasim and Shuja-Ud-Daulah

Study Notes

Battle of Buxar 1764

  • The Battle of Buxar was fought between the English Forces and a joint army of the Nawab of Oudh, Nawab of Bengal, and the Mughal Emperor in 1764.
  • The battle resulted from the misuse of trade privileges granted by the Nawab of Bengal and the colonialist ambitions of the East India Company.

Background of the Battle of Buxar

  • The Battle of Plassey (1757) gave the British a firm foothold over the region of Bengal.
  • Siraj-Ud-Daulah was dethroned as the Nawab of Bengal and replaced by Mir Jafar, who became the British puppet.
  • Mir Jafar got involved with the Dutch East India Company, leading to his replacement by Mir Qasim, who was supported by the British.

Reasons for the Battle of Buxar

  • Mir Qasim wanted to be independent and shifted his capital to Munger Fort from Calcutta.
  • He hired foreign experts to train his army, some of whom were in direct conflict with the British.
  • He treated Indian merchants and English as equals, without granting any special privileges for the latter.

Combatants of the Battle of Buxar

  • Mir Qasim: Disliked the misuse of dastak and farmans by the English, and tried to conspire against them by forming an alliance with the Nawab of Awadh and the Mughal Emperor.
  • Shuja-Ud-Daulah: Nawab of Awadh, part of a confederacy with Mir Qasim and Shah Alam-II.
  • Shah Alam II: Mughal Emperor, wanted to overthrow the English from Bengal.
  • Hector Munro: British Army Major, led the battle from the English side.
  • Robert Clive: Signed the treaties with Shuja-Ud-Daulah and Shah Alam-II after winning the battle.

Course of the Battle of Buxar

  • The battle broke out in 1763, with the English gaining successive victories at Katwah, Murshidabad, Giria, Sooty, and Munger.
  • Mir Kasim fled to Awadh and formed a confederacy with the Shuja-Ud-Daulah and Shah Alam II.
  • The joint armies of Mir Qasim were defeated by the British in 1764.

Learn about the Battle of Buxar, a significant confrontation between the British East India Company and Indian forces during the colonial era in India. Explore the impact of European arrival in India and the gradual conquest of Indian territories.

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