Nutrition

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39 Questions

What is the main source of energy for our bodies?

Carbohydrates

Where does digestion begin in the body?

Mouth

What controls the emptying of the stomach into the small intestine?

Pyloric sphincter

Where do absorption of nutrients and water-soluble vitamins occur in the body?

Small intestine

What type of reactions occur in the cell after nutrition is digested, absorbed, and transformed to the cells?

Metabolism

What is self-imposed starvation known as?

Anorexia nervosa

Which eating disorder is characterized by abuse of laxatives and binge eating followed by purging?

Bulimia nervosa

What is the predominant component of a vegetarian diet?

Plant-based foods

What is one of the risk factors associated with malnutrition?

Poor wound healing

What is the main function of saliva in the digestive process?

Breakdown digestion begins

In what situations is parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy beneficial?

Patients with sepsis, head injury, or burns

Which type of diet includes easily digested foods such as pastas, casseroles, moist tender meats, and canned cooked fruits and vegetables?

Soft/Low Residue diet

What is the preferred method to meet nutrition needs if a patient is unable to swallow or intake oral nutrition?

Parenteral Nutrition

What does EN stand for in the context of internal nutrition?

Enteral Nutrition

Which condition requires selective food purchases due to severe sodium restriction?

Hypertension

What is the main component of a basic Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) formula?

Crystalline amino acids

Which type of diet eliminates wheat, oats, rye, barley, and their derivatives?

Gluten Free diet

What method of nutrition support is provided intravenously?

Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)

Which condition requires varied caloric recommendations to accommodate the patient's metabolic demands?

Diabetes Mellitus

What kind of patients benefit from Parenteral Nutrition (PN) therapy?

Patients with gastrointestinal (GI) tract disorders

What is the basal metabolic rate (BMR)?

The minimum energy needed to be at rest

What is the main objective of Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT)?

To provide counseling to manage disease processes

What is the purpose of increasing the consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains as outlined in Healthy People 2030 objectives?

To improve overall health and well-being

Why is it important to reduce the consumption of added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium?

To reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke

What is the aim of increasing the consumption of calcium, potassium, and vitamin D as per Healthy People 2030 objectives?

To support optimal organ function

Why is reducing iron deficiency among children aged 1 to 2 years important?

To enhance cognitive development

What is the significance of increasing the proportion of schools that do not sell less healthy foods and beverages according to Healthy People 2030 objectives?

To reduce childhood obesity rates

Why is it important to eliminate very low food security among children according to Healthy People 2030 objectives?

To prevent malnutrition-related diseases

What is the aim of reducing household food insecurity as per Healthy People 2030 objectives?

To increase economic stability in households

Why is reducing the proportion of adults with high blood pressure an important goal?

To minimize the risk of stroke and heart attack

What is the goal of parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy as mentioned in the text?

To ensure safe nutritional support

What is the reason for avoiding the use of the admixture if oil droplets or an oily layer is observed?

It indicates a break in the fat emulsion causing fat emboli if administered

When is a CVC (central venous catheter) required for parenteral nutrition (PN) with greater than 10% dextrose?

When the dextrose concentration in PN exceeds 10%

What is the role of an infusion pump in parenteral nutrition (PN) infusion?

To deliver a constant infusion rate

In what situation would a patient receive IV solutions of less than 10% dextrose via a peripheral vein?

As a temporary measure for short-term nutritional needs

What is the risk associated with disuse of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, as mentioned in the text?

Villus atrophy and generalized cell shrinkage

How are intravenous fat emulsions administered to support a patient's need for supplemental kilocalories?

Through a separate peripheral line or as an admixture to the PN solution

What type of catheter is usually used for short-term nutritional needs in patients?

Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs)

What is essential to do once a PICC (peripherally inserted central catheter) is placed before flushing and using it?

Radiology must confirm its position before flushing and use.

Test your knowledge on assessment, planning, and implementation in health promotion. This quiz covers areas such as prioritizing hypotheses, setting priorities, team collaboration, and educating for early identification.

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