Are You a Paralympic Games Expert?

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By jwblackwell

Quiz

Flashcards

9 Questions

What is the International Paralympic Committee responsible for?

What is the difference in the number of sports between the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games?

What is the functional classification system used in the Paralympics?

What is the aim of the Paralympic Games?

Which athlete holds the record for the most medals won at the Winter Paralympics?

What is the Paralympic flag made up of?

What is the relationship between the IPC and the IOC?

What is the funding gap between Olympic and Paralympic athletes?

What is the purpose of the Paralympic Games according to the text?

Summary

Paralympic Games: A Major International Sport Event for People with Disabilities

  • The Paralympics is a series of international multisport events for athletes with a range of physical disabilities, organized in parallel with and in a similar way to the Olympic Games.

  • There are Summer and Winter Paralympic Games, held almost immediately following the respective Olympic Games since 1988.

  • The Paralympics has grown from a small gathering of British World War II veterans in 1948 to one of the largest international sporting events by the early 21st century.

  • The Paralympic Games have grown from 400 athletes with a disability from 23 countries in Rome 1960 to 4,520 athletes from 163 National Paralympic Committees at the 2020 Summer Paralympics.

  • Paralympians strive for equal treatment with non-disabled Olympic athletes, but there is a large funding gap between Olympic and Paralympic athletes.

  • There are several categories in which Para athletes compete, based on ten eligible impairment types, which are further broken down into various classifications.

  • The first organized athletic event for disabled athletes that coincided with the Olympic Games took place on the day of the opening of the 1948 Summer Olympics in London.

  • The first official Paralympic Games, with 400 athletes from 23 countries, was held in Rome in 1960, and since then, the Paralympic Games have taken place in the same year as the Olympic Games.

  • The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is the global governing body of the Paralympic Movement, responsible for organizing the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games, as well as serving as the International Federation for nine sports.

  • The IPC has a cooperative relationship with the International Olympic Committee (IOC), with the two governing bodies remaining distinct, despite the close working relationship.

  • The Paralympic Games emphasize the participants' athletic achievements and not their disability, with the movement growing dramatically since its early days.

  • The Paralympic flag contains three colors, red, blue, and green, which are the colors most widely represented in the flags of nations. The colors are each in the shape of an Agito, which is the name given to an asymmetrical crescent specially designed for the Paralympic movement.

  • The closing ceremony of the Paralympic Games takes place after all sporting events have concluded, with flag-bearers from each participating country entering, followed by the athletes who enter together, without any national distinction.Overview of Paralympic Games

  • The Paralympic Games are a multi-sport event for athletes with physical, visual, and intellectual impairments.

  • The Games are held every four years, immediately following the Olympic Games, and governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).

  • The Paralympics are based on the same principles as the Olympics, including fair play, non-discrimination, and the promotion of peace.

  • The first Paralympic Games were held in Rome in 1960 and featured 400 athletes from 23 countries.

  • The Summer Paralympics have 22 sports and the Winter Paralympics have six sports.

  • Paralympic athletes have sought equal opportunities to compete at the Olympic Games, with some athletes without disabilities also competing at the Paralympics as guides for athletes with a visual impairment.

  • Funding for the Paralympics has increased since the 1992 Summer Paralympics, with contributions from major sponsors.

  • Media coverage of the Paralympics has improved since the 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney, but consistent international media presence is still a challenge.

  • The IPC has established ten disability categories, including physical, visual, and intellectual impairment, with a functional classification system which differs from sport to sport.

  • Cheating has been a problem at the Paralympics, with some athletes breaking eligibility rules and testing positive for banned substances.

  • The Paralympic Games aim to change public attitudes towards disability and celebrate the excellence of Paralympic sport.Doping and Notable Achievements in Paralympic Sports

  • Several Paralympic athletes have tested positive for banned substances, leading to disqualification and suspension.

  • Boosting, the practice of artificially increasing blood pressure, has been shown to improve performance by up to 15% and is a potential concern for Paralympic officials.

  • Gene doping and gene therapy are banned in Paralympic sports, but it is difficult to differentiate between the two.

  • The IPC has been working with WADA since 2003 to ensure compliance with anti-doping regulations and has implemented mandatory testing.

  • The Russian team was banned from the 2016 Summer Paralympics due to evidence of widespread doping.

  • Trischa Zorn of the US is the most decorated Paralympian in history, winning 55 medals in blind swimming events.

  • Ragnhild Myklebust of Norway holds the record for the most medals won at the Winter Paralympics, with 22 medals, 17 of which were gold.

  • Neroli Fairhall, a paraplegic archer from New Zealand, was the first paraplegic and third Paralympian to participate in the Olympic Games, winning a Paralympic gold medal in archery.

  • The Paralympic Games have been held in various cities around the world, with the 2020 Summer Paralympics postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Description

Think you know all about the Paralympic Games? Test your knowledge with our quiz! From the history and growth of the Games to notable achievements and doping concerns, this quiz covers a diverse range of topics related to the Paralympics. See how much you know about one of the largest international sporting events for athletes with disabilities and learn some new facts along the way. Get ready to challenge yourself and become a Paralympic Games expert!

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