Ancient Greece: Political and Cultural Center

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14 Questions

During which period was the Temple of Asclepius (Epidaurus) established as a dispenser of healing and skilled practical doctor?

Classical period (490-323 BCE)

In which period was the democratic system of government, architecture development, and West-philosophical foundations established in Athens?

Classical period (490-323 BCE)

Which period saw the specificity of the patient and specificity of the disease being emphasized in medical practice?

Classical period (490-323 BCE)

Which period marked the understanding of disease and treatment in empirical and magic-religious terms?

Archaic period (800-490 BCE)

Which period is associated with the free exercise of medicine by both trained and untrained individuals?

Classical period (490-323 BCE)

In which period was diagnosis based on observation, reasoning, and functional testing in medicine?

Classical period (490-323 BCE)

Who is credited with coining the term 'wisdom tooth'?

Diocles of Carystus

During which historical period was dental knowledge disseminated within the Corpus Hippocraticum?

Hellenistic Period (323-146 BCE)

Who made the error in human anatomy by stating that men have more teeth than women?

Aristotle

Which ancient civilization is known for advanced dental practices including the use of clay votive offerings, dentures, and bridges?

Etruscans

Who introduced medicine to the Romans and had a contempt for practical knowledge practiced by Greeks or slaves?

Cornelius Celsus

Which Roman figure described some plant-based and herbal remedies for toothache, and associated oral infections with bad habits and age?

Caius Plinius Secundus

Which civilization used components like eggshells, bones, and oyster shells to create dentifricium?

Romans

In which period was it common to use urine as mouthwash in Hispania?

Goth Hispania (V c. CE – 711)

Study Notes

Establishment of Medical Institutions

  • The Temple of Asclepius (Epidaurus) was established as a dispenser of healing and skilled practical doctor during the Classical Period.

Development of Democratic System and Medicine

  • The democratic system of government, architecture development, and West-philosophical foundations were established in Athens during the Classical Period.

Evolution of Medical Practice

  • The Hellenistic Period saw the emphasis on the specificity of the patient and the specificity of the disease in medical practice.
  • The Ancient Period marked the understanding of disease and treatment in empirical and magic-religious terms.
  • The Classical Period was characterized by the free exercise of medicine by both trained and untrained individuals.

Development of Diagnostic Techniques

  • Diagnosis based on observation, reasoning, and functional testing in medicine was practiced during the Hellenistic Period.

Contributions to Dentistry

  • The term 'wisdom tooth' was coined by unknown.
  • Dental knowledge was disseminated within the Corpus Hippocraticum during the Classical Period.
  • Galen made the error in human anatomy by stating that men have more teeth than women.
  • The Etruscans are known for their advanced dental practices, including the use of clay votive offerings, dentures, and bridges.
  • Asclepiades introduced medicine to the Romans and had a contempt for practical knowledge practiced by Greeks or slaves.
  • Galen described some plant-based and herbal remedies for toothache and associated oral infections with bad habits and age.

Early Dental Practices

  • The Chinese used components like eggshells, bones, and oyster shells to create dentifricium.
  • During the Roman Period, it was common to use urine as mouthwash in Hispania.

Test your knowledge about the greatest political and cultural center in Europe, Athens, during the Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic periods. Explore the democratic system of government, architectural developments, and the philosophical foundations of the West.

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