Analyzing the Poem 'My Mother at Sixty-Six' for Class 12

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12 Questions

Which poetic technique does Das employ to give her mother's aging process a life of its own?


What poetic technique does Das primarily use to portray her mother's beauty and resilience?


What role does repetition play in 'My Mother at Sixty-Six'?

Emphasizing certain ideas

How does 'My Mother at Sixty-Six' challenge societal norms?

By questioning assumptions about aging

Which aspect of 'My Mother at Sixty-Six' makes it relevant for developing literary and analytical skills?

Vivid imagery and metaphors

What is the main theme of the poem 'My Mother at Sixty-Six'?

Societal expectations of aging women

'My Mother at Sixty-Six' can help Class 12 students develop a deeper understanding of which cultural context?

Indian societal expectations

Which poet wrote 'My Mother at Sixty-Six'?

Kamala Das

What is one of the central paradoxes explored in the poem?

Physical aging does not always reflect inner vitality

Which of the following themes is NOT addressed in 'My Mother at Sixty-Six'?

Political activism

What sets Kamala Das apart as a poet in Indian literature?

Her candid portrayal of femininity and love

How does the poet challenge societal expectations in 'My Mother at Sixty-Six'?

By defying norms and showcasing strength in aging

Study Notes

Uncovering the Poem "My Mother at Sixty-Six" for Class 12

In the realm of literature, "My Mother at Sixty-Six" is a poignant work by renowned Indian poet Kamala Das. This introspective poem, penned in the early 1960s, invites Class 12 readers to delve into the vast and complex terrain of parent-child relationships, aging, and societal expectations.

The Poet and the Poem

Kamala Das, born in 1934, was a dynamic figure in Indian literature, known for her candid and unapologetic portrayal of themes such as femininity, love, and self-discovery. "My Mother at Sixty-Six" is a key example of Das' authentic and intimate style, contributing to the larger body of work that established her as a prominent figure in Indian English poetry.

Themes and Analysis

"My Mother at Sixty-Six" revolves around the titular character, a mother in her sixties, who is still vibrant and full of life despite the reality of aging. The poem explores the paradox of the aging process, whereby physical signs of aging do not necessarily correspond to the inner self and mental capacities.

One of the central themes of the poem is the societal expectations of women, particularly mothers, to conform to certain standards of beauty, youth, and desirability. Das challenges these expectations, as she portrays her mother as an independent and strong individual who defies societal norms and continues to grow and evolve.

Another theme that emerges from the poem is the complex and evolving relationship between a mother and her child. As the mother ages, the child's perspective of their relationship changes, and Das explores the nuances of this shift in the poem.

Poetic Techniques

"My Mother at Sixty-Six" is a free-verse poem, which means it does not adhere to any strict metrical or rhyme schemes. Instead, Das employs a variety of poetic techniques to convey her message, such as:

  1. Metaphor: Das uses vivid metaphors to depict her mother's beauty, strength, and resilience, comparing her to a rose, a tree, and a wave.

  2. Personification: Das personifies her mother's aging process, giving it a life of its own, and exploring the ways in which her mother continues to grow and evolve despite societal expectations.

  3. Repetition: Das repeats certain phrases and words throughout the poem, creating a sense of rhythm and emphasizing certain ideas.

  4. Imagery: Das employs vivid imagery to portray the scenes and emotions in the poem, inviting readers to visualize her mother and the spaces she inhabits.

Classroom Applications

"My Mother at Sixty-Six" is an excellent choice for Class 12 students for several reasons:

  1. Developing literary skills: The poem's free-verse form, vivid imagery, and metaphors provide students with opportunities to practice their analysis and interpretation skills.

  2. Exploring themes: The themes of aging, societal expectations, and parent-child relationships are relevant and relatable, helping students to engage deeply with the text.

  3. Cultural awareness: The poem provides insights into the Indian context, especially the societal expectations of women, and can help students develop a deeper understanding of Indian culture.


"My Mother at Sixty-Six" is a powerful and poignant poem that invites Class 12 students to explore the themes of aging, societal expectations, and parent-child relationships. By employing poetic techniques such as metaphor and imagery, Das creates a vivid and engaging portrait of her mother, challenging societal norms and encouraging readers to question their own assumptions. "My Mother at Sixty-Six" is an excellent choice for Class 12 students, helping them to develop their literary and analytical skills while exploring relevant themes and cultural contexts.

Dive into the profound work 'My Mother at Sixty-Six' by Indian poet Kamala Das, designed for Class 12 students. Explore themes of aging, parent-child relationships, and societal expectations through the poet's vivid imagery and poetic techniques.

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