Amino Acids Anabolism and Lipids Metabolism Quiz

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18 Questions

Which process involves the conversion of an amino acid to a keto acid through the transfer of an amino group to a keto group?

Transamination

Which of the following amino acids is considered essential in preterm infants?

Arginine

In the oxidation of fatty acids, which enzyme is responsible for converting fatty acids to CoA thioesters?

Acyl-CoA synthetase

Which of the following amino acids is classified as nonessential?

Proline

Which of the following molecules are produced during fatty acid oxidation by hydroxyaryl-CoA dehydrogenase?

NADH

Which enzyme is involved in transferring the acyl group back to CoA in the mitochondria during fatty acid oxidation?

Carnitine acyltransferase 2 (CPT2)

What is the main function of transamination?

Transfer amino groups to form new amino acids

Which enzyme is involved in the process of decarboxylation?

Decarboxylases

Which amino acid is produced by the transamination reaction of glutamate with oxaloacetate?

Aspartate

Why are 12 out of the 22 amino acids readily synthesized by the body called nonessential?

They are not required in the diet

Which term best describes amino acids that must be acquired through the diet?

Essential amino acids

Why is the synthesis and collection of amino acids critical for cell survival?

To synthesize vitamins and nucleotides

What is the main function of transamination in the context of amino acid metabolism?

To convert one amino acid into another amino acid

Which process involves the removal of a carboxyl group from an amino acid?

Decarboxylation

Which statement best describes essential amino acids?

Essential amino acids must be obtained from the diet because the body cannot synthesize them.

What distinguishes nonessential amino acids from essential amino acids?

Nonessential amino acids can be synthesized by the body in adequate amounts.

During the anabolism of amino acids, what is the primary purpose of synthesizing molecules from smaller components?

To build functional complex biomolecules like proteins

Which of the following accurately describes anabolism in relation to energy requirements?

Anabolism requires energy to build up biomolecules from simpler components.

Test your knowledge on the anabolism of amino acids, including essential and non-essential amino acids. Also, explore questions on lipids metabolism. This quiz covers topics such as amino acids classification, names of specific amino acids, and lipid oxidation processes.

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