Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Washing Hands

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10 Questions

Which term refers to a preoccupation with persistent, intrusive thoughts and ideas in obsessive-compulsive disorder?

Obsession

What is the purpose of compulsions in obsessive-compulsive disorder?

To ease anxiety

Which disorder would be considered part of obsessive-compulsive disorder?

Excoriation disorder

What happens if an obsession or compulsion is resisted according to the text?

Anxiety occurs

How are obsessions and compulsions related in obsessive-compulsive disorder?

They often occur together

What is the primary purpose of compulsions in obsessive-compulsive disorder?

To prevent an event from happening

In obsessive-compulsive disorder, what is the role of identifying situations that precipitate the behavior?

To understand triggers for obsessions and compulsions

How should healthcare professionals intervene if a compulsive behavior affects the client's physical well-being?

Set limits to protect the client from harm

What is the typical response of anxiety if an obsession or compulsion is resisted?

The anxiety increases

How should healthcare professionals assist clients in decreasing the frequency of compulsive rituals according to the text?

By setting limits on the rituals

Study Notes

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

  • Includes disorders such as hoarding disorder and excoriation (skin-picking) disorder.
  • Characterized by obsessions, which are persistent, intrusive thoughts and ideas that cause anxiety.
  • Characterized by compulsions, which are repeated performances of rituals or purposeless behaviors designed to:
    • Prevent some event
    • Divert an unacceptable thought
    • Ease anxiety
  • Obsessions and compulsions often occur together and may disrupt normal activities.
  • Anxiety occurs if an obsession or compulsion is resisted.

Intervention Strategies

  • Identify situations that precipitate the behavior.
  • Avoid interrupting the compulsive behavior unless it affects the client's physical well-being or safety.
  • Allow the client time to perform the compulsive ritual.
  • Create a schedule to distract the client from the compulsive behavior.
  • Set limits on rituals that may interfere with the client's physical well-being to prevent physical harm.
  • Encourage the client to verbalize concerns and help them gradually decrease the frequency of compulsive rituals.

Explore the features of obsessive-compulsive disorder, including hoarding disorder and excoriation (skin-picking) disorder. Learn about obsessions as persistent, intrusive thoughts and compulsions as rituals or behaviors to ease anxiety. Understand how obsessions and compulsions can disrupt normal activities and lead to anxiety.

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