Comparison of Innate and Adaptive Immunity

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What type of receptors are located on the plasma membrane of macrophages and dendritic cells to detect fungal glycans?

C-type lectin receptors (CLRs)

Where are RIG-like receptors (RLRs) located to detect nucleic acids of viruses?

In the cytosol

Which type of receptors recognize short bacterial peptides containing N-formylmethionyl residues?

G protein–coupled receptors

What do Mannose receptors recognize?

Microbial sugars

Which type of immunity protects against extracellular microbes and their toxins?

Humoral immunity

What is the main function of innate immunity?

To recognize microbes and protect against infections

Which cells are part of innate immunity's major components?

Neutrophils and macrophages

What is the role of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the immune response?

Signal by a pathway involving NF-κB and IRFs

Which type of immunity is more powerful in combating infections?

Adaptive immunity

What is one of the functions of Interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) in the immune response?

Produce antiviral cytokines

This quiz explores the differences between innate immunity, also known as natural or native immunity, and adaptive immunity, also called acquired or specific immunity. Learn about the characteristics and functions of these two types of immune responses.

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