Period 6 Exam 2

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Who was the leader of the Nez Perce tribe that fled to Canada but was later forced back to reservations by US troops?

Chief Joseph

What was the primary focus of the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887?

Assimilation and dissolution of tribes

Which tribe did Geronimo belong to?

Apache

What did the government promise Plains Indians in exchange for surrendering their land after the Civil War?

Being left alone and provided with supplies

Who authored 'A Century of Dishonor' which highlighted the broken promises and mistreatment of Native Americans by the US government?

Helen Hunt Jackson

Which event directly led to President Hayes sending federal troops to end a strike?

Great Railroad Strike 1877

What was the primary reason for the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882?

To prohibit immigration from China

Who were the main supporters of the pro-silver movement and William Jennings Bryan?

Owners of silver mines in the West

What was the main difference between Democrats and Republicans during the Gilded Age regarding economic regulation?

Republicans wanted government intervention in economic affairs while Democrats preferred laissez-faire policies

What was one of the main effects of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890?

Drained the Treasury's gold reserves

What was the significance of the Battle of Wounded Knee during the conflicts on the Plains?

It marked the adoption of the Ghost Dance by the Plains Indians.

How did the Farmers' Alliance aim to break the strangling grip of railroads and manufacturers?

By advocating for cooperative buying and selling among farmers.

What was a key goal of Populists in the late 19th century?

Nationalizing railroads, telephones, and telegraphs.

Why did ranchers face challenges with cattle drives across the open Plains?

Homesteaders fencing in their plots limited cattle movement.

Why were bonanza farms significant in the agricultural landscape by 1890?

They drove smaller farmers out of business due to mechanization.

What term did Mark Twain use to describe the late 19th century?

Gilded Age

What was the significance of the Transcontinental Railroad constructed in 1869?

It promoted westward expansion at the cost of nature and natives

Which business tactic did John D. Rockefeller famously employ in the oil industry?

Horizontal Integration

What legal act established standard time in the United States in 1918?

Standard Time Act

In what industry did Andrew Carnegie use 'Vertical Integration' to improve efficiency?

Steel

Which labor union was the most inclusive, allowing skilled, unskilled, men, women, white, and black workers?

Knights of Labor

Who led the AFL union which focused on issues like higher wages, shorter working hours, and better conditions?

Samuel Gompers

Which president is NOT listed in the 'Forgettable Presidents' list from 1869 to 1893?

Benjamin Harrison

Which immigrant group was targeted by the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882?

Chinese immigrants

How did industrial giants maintain their dominance in the market?

By forming monopolies that eliminated competition

'How the Other Half Lives' by Jacob Riis aimed to document the conditions of which specific area in New York City?

Slums

Which of the following best describes the approach advocated by the Gospel of Wealth towards helping the poor?

Funding institutions that would uplift the poor, such as schools

What key belief differentiated Social Darwinists from the ideas of the Gospel of Wealth?

The notion that poverty was a result of character flaws in individuals

How did industrialists like Carnegie view their wealth according to the text?

As a direct consequence of God's will

What was the primary purpose of the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890?

To promote healthy competition and prevent monopolistic practices

Who advocated for political action and a civil rights agenda, and founded the NAACP?

W.E.B. Du Bois

What concept did Booker T. Washington emphasize in his philosophy for African American progress?

Racial solidarity and accommodation

Who argued that social change could be achieved by developing a small group of college-educated African Americans known as 'the Talented Tenth'?

W.E.B. Du Bois

What was a key factor that prompted the annexation of Hawaii in 1898 during the Spanish American War?

Fear of Hawaiian invasion by Japan

What event led to the 1893 annexation of Hawaii, despite previous opposition?

A revolt organized by white planter minority

Why did the Anti-Imperialist League oppose the move toward imperialism in the US at the end of the 19th century?

They were against the acquisition of overseas territories.

In what way did the Insular Cases of 1901 affect Puerto Rico and Cuba?

They determined that Puerto Rico and Cuba were US subjects without full citizen rights.

How did the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty of 1901 impact the construction of the Panama Canal?

It authorized the US to construct and manage the canal with a neutral and open zone for trade.

What was the purpose of the Platt Amendment passed in 1902 relating to Cuba?

To enable US intervention in case of anarchy, establish free trade, and secure naval bases.

How did the Roosevelt Corollary build upon previous American foreign policy?

It expanded on the Monroe Doctrine by allowing US intervention in Latin America when necessary.

Test your knowledge on key figures in the women's suffrage movement and civil rights advocacy in the United States. Learn about individuals who advocated for political action, voting rights, and social change.

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