Winter Olympics

Quiz

Flashcards

9 Questions

What is the governing body of the Olympic Movement?

Which country has won a gold medal at every Winter Olympic Games?

Which country leads the all-time Olympic Games medal table for the Winter Olympic Games?

Which Winter Olympics saw a state-sponsored doping program in Russia?

Which Winter Olympics saw Canadian teams win both the men's and women's ice hockey gold medals?

Which Winter Olympics saw South Korean athletes win 10 medals in short-track speed skating?

Which Winter Olympics saw New Zealand skier Annelise Coberger become the first Winter Olympic medallist from the southern hemisphere?

Which Winter Olympics were initially awarded to Denver, Colorado, but were moved to Innsbruck, Austria due to public opposition in Colorado?

Which Winter Olympics saw the Netherlands dominate the speed skating events, taking 23 medals, four clean sweeps of the podium places, and at least one medal in each of the twelve medal events?

Summary

Winter Olympic Games: Key Facts and History

  • The Winter Olympic Games is a major international multi-sport event held once every four years for sports practiced on snow and ice.

  • The first Winter Olympic Games were held in Chamonix, France in 1924.

  • The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority.

  • The original five Winter Olympic Sports were bobsleigh, curling, ice hockey, Nordic skiing, and skating.

  • The Winter Olympic Games have evolved since their inception with sports and disciplines being added and discontinued.

  • The rise of television as a global medium for communication enhanced the profile of the Games.

  • The Winter Olympic Games have been hosted on three continents by thirteen countries.

  • As of 2022, twelve countries have participated in every Winter Olympic Games.

  • Six of these countries have won medals at every Winter Olympic Games.

  • The only country to have won a gold medal at every Winter Olympic Games is the United States.

  • Norway leads the all-time Olympic Games medal table for the Winter Olympic Games.

  • The Winter Olympic Games have been interrupted by World War II and have been hosted in various cities around the world, with the first post-war games being held in St. Moritz, Switzerland in 1948.Winter Olympics Summary

  • The 1976 Winter Olympics were initially awarded to Denver, Colorado, but were moved to Innsbruck, Austria due to public opposition in Colorado.

  • The 1980 Winter Olympics were held in Lake Placid, New York, and saw American speed skater Eric Heiden win five individual gold medals.

  • The 1984 Winter Olympics were held in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, and saw British ice dancers Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean earn perfect scores for artistic impression.

  • The 1988 Winter Olympics were held in Calgary, Canada, and saw Dutch skater Yvonne van Gennip win three gold medals and set two world records.

  • The 1992 Winter Olympics were held in Albertville, France, and saw New Zealand skier Annelise Coberger become the first Winter Olympic medallist from the southern hemisphere.

  • The 1994 Winter Olympics were held in Lillehammer, Norway, and saw Ukrainian skater Oksana Baiul win the gold medal in women's figure skating.

  • The 1998 Winter Olympics were held in Nagano, Japan, and saw Norwegian skier Bjørn Dæhlie become the most decorated Winter Olympic athlete with eight gold medals and twelve medals overall.

  • The 2002 Winter Olympics were held in Salt Lake City, Utah, and saw Canadian teams win both the men's and women's ice hockey gold medals.

  • The 2006 Winter Olympics were held in Turin, Italy, and saw South Korean athletes win 10 medals in short-track speed skating.

  • The 2010 Winter Olympics were held in Vancouver, Canada, and saw Canada win a record number of gold medals.

  • The 2014 Winter Olympics were held in Sochi, Russia, and were controversial due to allegations of state-sponsored doping by the host country.

  • The 2018 Winter Olympics were held in Pyeongchang, South Korea, and saw Norway win the most medals overall.Winter Olympics: A Summary of Key Facts and Controversies

  • The 2014 Winter Olympics were hosted in Sochi, Russia, with a record 2,800 athletes from 88 countries competing in 98 events.

  • The most decorated Winter Olympian of all time, Ole Einar Bjørndalen from Norway, took two golds to bring his total tally to 13 Olympic medals.

  • The Netherlands dominated the speed skating events, taking 23 medals, four clean sweeps of the podium places, and at least one medal in each of the twelve medal events.

  • A state-sponsored doping program operated in Russia from "at least late 2011 to 2015" across the "vast majority" of Summer and Winter Olympic sports, as concluded by an investigation commissioned by the World Anti-Doping Agency.

  • The 2018 Winter Olympics were held in Pyeongchang, South Korea, with more than 2,900 athletes from 92 countries participating in 102 events.

  • Norway led the medal tally with 39, the highest number of medals by a nation in any Winter Olympics, followed by Germany's 31 and Canada's 29.

  • The 2022 Winter Olympics were held in Beijing, China, with strict health and safety protocols due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • Norway led the overall medal standings with 37 medals and 16 gold medals, the highest number of gold medals of any country in a single Winter Olympics.

  • The process for awarding host city honors came under intense scrutiny after Salt Lake City had been awarded the right to host the 2002 Games due to an elaborate bribery scheme.

  • Due to the cost of hosting the Games, most host cities never realize a profit on their investment, and the long-term economic and environmental impact is a concern for prospective host cities.

  • Drug testing protocols were enacted in 1967, but it was not until the late 1980s that international sporting federations began to coordinate efforts to standardize the drug-testing protocols.

  • The 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin became notable for a scandal involving blood doping, the use of blood transfusions or synthetic hormones such as Erythropoietin (EPO) to improve oxygen flow and thus reduce fatigue.The History and Facts of the Winter Olympics

  • Disciplinary proceedings against 46 Russian athletes for doping in 2014 Winter Olympics.

  • Cold War created tensions amongst countries allied to the two superpowers.

  • East and West Germany competed on one team until the 1968 Grenoble Games.

  • The Winter Games have had only one national team boycott when Taiwan decided not to participate in the 1980 Winter Olympics.

  • The Olympic charter limits winter sports to "those sports which are practised on snow or ice."

  • Short track speed skating, snowboarding, freestyle and moguls skiing are new sports added to the Olympic programme since 1992.

  • Norway and Germany still dominate the traditional Winter Olympic sports.

  • Demonstration sports were discontinued after 1992.

  • Military patrol, a precursor to the biathlon, was a medal sport in 1924.

  • The table shows the all-time medal table of the Winter Olympics.

  • The first Winter Olympics were held in Chamonix, France, in 1924.

  • The 2022 Winter Olympics will be held in Beijing, China.

Description

Test your knowledge of the Winter Olympic Games with this quiz on key facts and history! From the first Winter Olympics in Chamonix to the controversial 2014 games in Sochi, and the most recent 2022 games in Beijing, this quiz covers it all. See how well you know the evolution of sports, dominant countries, notable athletes, controversies, and more. Whether you're a Winter Olympics superfan or just looking to learn something new, this quiz is for you!

Ready to take the quiz?

Play Quiz