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Civics EOQ 4Exam 2023-2024

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Believes in a stronger national government. Supports increasing taxes on the very wealthy to help fund social programs. Which party is being described?

Democratic Party

Prefer a weaker national government, in which states retain more power. Which political party is being described?

Republican Party

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination based on a person's race, religion, or sex. Which political party was responsible for promoting The Civil Rights Act?

Democratic Party

Wants to raise the minimum wage and guarantee equal pay to help families in poverty. Which political party is being described?

Democratic Party

In favor of using a large portion of taxes to increase spending on the national defense (military). Which political party is being described?

Republican Party

In favor of giving tax breaks to businesses and the wealthy. Which political party is being described?

Republican Party

Supports strong government regulations on businesses to help protect consumers and workers. Which political party is being described?

Democratic Party

Supports reduced regulations on businesses to help promote the growth of business. Which political party is being described?

Republican Party

Formed when the Wigg party split over the issue of slavery. Which political party is being described?

Republican Party

In favor of regulations on businesses that help protect the environment. Which political party is being described?

Democratic Party

The first political party in the U.S. They wanted a nation with a strong national government.

Federalists

The nation's second political party. They stood against the Federalists and wanted the states to retain more power.

Democratic-Republican party.

One of the two major political parties of the U.S. It is the more conservative party.

Republican Party

One of the two major political parties of the U.S. It is the more liberal party.

Democratic Party

Political system in which two parties dominate the electoral process and control the government.

Two party system

Political party that is neither Democrat or Republican. These parties usually focus on one major issue.

Third Party

Main means of sharing communication with the public. (Publishing,Broadcasting, and Internet)

Media

The press's role in exposing government corruption and abuse of power.

Watchdog

Prejudice in favor of or against one group or a person over another.

Bias

The total of what the population believes. (what most people in a group believe)

Public Opinion

This type of media is dangerous because it can spread misinformation quickly.

Social Media

This media has the greatest impact on adults

News Media

Biased or misleading information that is used to promote a cause or used to damage an opposing cause.

Propaganda

Something the appeals to people because it is already liked and supported by many people.

Bandwagon

Specific images use in advertisg to create a desired feeling for the viewer

Symbolism

A widely believed, very simple view of a certain group of people.

Stereotype

The amount of goods that are available to be sold.

Supply

How much people want a certain good/service and how much they are willing to pay.

Demand

A person who starts a new business and assumes all the risks from starting a business.

Entrepreneur

What is given up when we make a decision/purchase.

Opportunity cost

When the demand for a product is greater than the supply of the product.

Scarcity

When the supply of a product is greater than the demand for the product. Businesses have more than people want.

Surplus

What did most framers of the Constitution think about political parties?

They thought political parties should be avoided.

What important function do political parties perform in society?

They organize to make collective action possible.

According to the law of demand, what happens when prices decrease?

demand increases

In a free market economy, how are prices determined?

by supply and demand

A country allows people to have private businesses to make a profit. The business owners make most decisions, but the government does regulate them. The government also covers some important services such as highways. What type of economy is being described?

Mixed Economy

How does the stock exchange help the national economy?

They enable corporations to raise large amounts of money.

In 1971 the New York Times published roports showing that the government had mislead the American people about the U.S. Military involvement in Vietnam. The Nixon administration tried to block the report, but the Supreme Court said the newspaper had a right to publish it. How does freedom of the press as protected by the First Amendment relate to the scenario described?

It enables the press to hold the government accountable.

What is the primary function performed by the press in American society?

promoting the free exchange of ideas

A candidate for Congress. In the advertisement, the candidate is pictured in front of a row of American flags and has her hand placed over her chest. What advertising technique is used in this commercial?

symbolism

What technique would a reporter be using by favoring and only presenting one side of an issue?

bias

Why did the Founding Fathers create the Electoral College system?

to make sure those elected were qualified

The total number of electors, and the total number of votes up for grabs in the Electoral College, is _______.

538

To win a presidential election, a candidate must receive ______electoral votes

At least 270

If during a presidential election, no candidate wins a majority of the Electoral College votes, then the matter is decided by _________.

The House of Representatives

If the Twelfth Amendment had not altered the Electoral College, which statement about the 1984 presidential election would be true?

Mondale would have become vice president.

What is one argument that supports the electoral college?

It gives smaller states a voice in the election.

Which argument against the Electoral College was illustrated in this table?

A candidate can become president even if they lose the popular vote.

What is the role of competition in the economy?

It provides a reason for businesses to constantly improve their services or goods.

. What is meant by "the agenda-setting power of the media"?

The media controls the stories that get covered.

The newspaper headline above is reporting on the election of school board members. What would cause this article to be biased?

If only some of the candidates were asked to be interviewed

What is the primary reason that the government collects taxes?

to pay for services that it provides to the public

Where does the federal government get most of its tax revenue from?

individual income taxes

What is the main purpose of the Federal Reserve System?

to regulate the nation's banks

sets interest rates 8 times per year controls how much paper money and coins are produced ?

These items list the functions of the Federal Reserve. What item belongs on this list?

tells banks how much money they must keep on hand

Based on the additional information in this chart, what conclusion can be drawn about the Russian Federation?

The standard of living in the Russian Federation is probably lower than in Germany.

Country A has fertile plains and valleys and grows grain to export to other nations. It also has forests, which it manages so that it can cut down trees and sell lumber. It has some iron and coal deposits that it mines. Country A makes automobiles, airplanes, and small electronics as well.

Which of the following statements is likely to be true of Country A?

More people have a higher standard of living.

What does Article II of the Constitution tell us about the presidency?

All of the above

According to Article II, presidential terms are limited to ___ years in office.

The 22nd Amendment, ratified in 1951, forbids presidents from serving more than ___ terms.

4,2

What determines the number of electors a state has?

The number of repressentatives in congress, which is determined by the population of each state

How did the Twelfth Amendment to the Constitution affect the Electoral College?

It required electors to vote for the president and vice president separately- second place did not become Vice President

What is one reason we use electors for the Electoral College rather than letting people vote directly?

It provides a safeguard to prevent unqualifies candidates from becoming president.

How does media bias impact the public?

It influences individual opinions and beliefs.

How is symbolism used in the poster?

The country is represented by the use of Uncle Sam.

Why did congress pass the Sherman Anti-Trust act in 1890?

To ensure that there was competition between businesses.

What is a mixed economy?

An Economy in which people make most of the descisions, but there are some government regulations.

What is a command economy?

An economy in which the government decides what goods are produced, and how much goods can be sold for.

Why is there no such thing as a true free market economy?

All economies must have some regulations from the government

What is a share of a stock?

A small portion of a company that people can buy.

Study Notes

Political Parties

  • Believes in a stronger national government and supports increasing taxes on the wealthy to fund social programs: Democratic Party
  • Prefers a weaker national government, in which states retain more power: Republican Party
  • Formed when the Whig party split over the issue of slavery: Republican Party

Political Parties and Government

  • The first political party in the U.S. wanted a nation with a strong national government: Federalists
  • The nation's second political party stood against the Federalists and wanted the states to retain more power: Anti-Federalists
  • One of the two major political parties of the U.S., it is the more conservative party: Republican Party
  • One of the two major political parties of the U.S., it is the more liberal party: Democratic Party
  • Political system in which two parties dominate the electoral process and control the government: Two-Party System
  • Political party that is neither Democrat nor Republican: Third Party
  • These parties usually focus on one major issue: Single-Issue Parties

Media and Politics

  • Main means of sharing communication with the public: Press
  • The press's role in exposing government corruption and abuse of power: Watchdog Function
  • Biased or misleading information used to promote a cause or damage an opposing cause: Propaganda
  • A widely believed, very simple view of a certain group of people: Stereotype
  • Prejudice in favor of or against one group or a person over another: Bias
  • The amount of goods that are available to be sold: Supply
  • How much people want a certain good or service and how much they are willing to pay: Demand

Economy

  • A person who starts a new business and assumes all the risks: Entrepreneur
  • What is given up when we make a decision or purchase: Opportunity Cost
  • When the demand for a product is greater than the supply: Shortage
  • When the supply of a product is greater than the demand: Surplus
  • Businesses have more than people want: Surplus
  • A country allows people to have private businesses to make a profit: Free Market Economy
  • The government also covers some important services such as highways: Mixed Economy
  • How does the stock exchange help the national economy: Provides a way for companies to raise capital and for investors to buy and sell shares

Government and Economy

  • Most framers of the Constitution thought about political parties: They did not want them
  • Important function performed by political parties in society: They provide a way for citizens to participate in the political process
  • According to the law of demand, what happens when prices decrease: Demand increases
  • In a free market economy, how are prices determined: By supply and demand
  • What is the primary reason that the government collects taxes: To fund government services and programs
  • Where does the federal government get most of its tax revenue from: Income taxes
  • What is the main purpose of the Federal Reserve System: To regulate the economy and control inflation

Politics and Government

  • What determines the number of electors a state has: The number of members it has in the House of Representatives plus the number of Senators
  • How did the Twelfth Amendment to the Constitution affect the Electoral College: It changed the way the president and vice president are elected
  • What is one reason we use electors for the Electoral College rather than letting people vote directly: It ensures that smaller states have a voice in the election
  • What is Article II of the Constitution about: The presidency
  • According to Article II, presidential terms are limited to: 4 years in office
  • The 22nd Amendment, ratified in 1951, forbids presidents from serving more than: 2 terms

This exam covers all content learned during Quarters 3 and 4.

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