Which school of legal thought in the Roman period derived their understanding of ethics heavily from Stoicism?
Which Roman emperor held philosophy in high regard, unlike most of his predecessors?
Which school of philosophy in Ancient Rome blended elements of Pythagorean, Platonic, Cynic, and Stoic thought together?
Which philosopher was the only one allowed to remain in Rome after Vespasian banished all other philosophers?
Which school of philosophy in Ancient Rome fused Platonism with certain Peripatetic and many Stoic dogmas?
Which school of philosophy in Ancient Rome was criticized for not being fully committed, despite becoming 'fashionable' during the Imperial period?
Which school of philosophy in Ancient Rome revived Pythagorean views during the Hellenistic period?
Which school of religious and mystical philosophy was founded by Plotinus in the 3rd century AD and based on the teachings of Plato and the other Platonists?
What was the addition to Platonism that influenced early Christian philosophy?
Philosophy in the Roman World: A Summary
- Ancient Roman philosophy includes philosophy written in both Latin and Greek in the late Republic and Roman empire.
- Roman philosophy was influenced by Hellenistic philosophy, but unique developments in philosophical schools of thought also occurred during the Roman period.
- The Sabinian and Proculean schools of law, the two largest schools of legal thought in the Roman period, derived their understanding of ethics heavily from Stoicism and Epicureanism, respectively.
- During the autocratic rule of the Flavian dynasty, a group of philosophers vocally and politically protested against imperial actions, resulting in Vespasian banishing all philosophers from Rome, save for Gaius Musonius Rufus.
- Hadrian held philosophy in high regard, something unusual for Roman emperors, who were often indifferent, if not oppositional to it as a practice.
- With the spread of Christianity inside the Roman Empire came the Christian philosophy of Saint Augustine of Hippo.
- Middle Platonism fused Platonism with certain Peripatetic and many Stoic dogmas.
- The School of the Sextii was an eclectic Ancient Roman school of philosophy that blended elements of Pythagorean, Platonic, Cynic, and Stoic thought together.
- Pythagorean views were revived by Nigidius Figulus during the Hellenistic period, when pseudo-pythagorean writings began circulating.
- Cynic philosophy survived into the Imperial period, and even became "fashionable," though its adherents were criticized for not being fully committed.
- Neoplatonism, or Plotinism, is a school of religious and mystical philosophy founded by Plotinus in the 3rd century AD and based on the teachings of Plato and the other Platonists.
- Early Christian philosophy was influenced by Platonism, but with the addition of the concept of divine revelation and a savior.
Discover the fascinating world of philosophy in ancient Rome with our quiz! From the influence of Hellenistic philosophy to the unique developments in schools of thought during the Roman period, test your knowledge on the Sabinian and Proculean schools of law, Middle Platonism, the School of the Sextii, and more. Explore the impact of Christianity on Roman philosophy and its fusion with Platonic and Stoic dogmas. How much do you know about the philosophical ideas that shaped the Roman world?
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