Understanding the Concept of Environment in Geography

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By SuccessfulWaterfall292



15 Questions

What does the term 'environment' refer to in the context of the text?

What is involved in making interpretations on the environment of deposition?

Why is it important to study modern environments for environmental interpretations?

What is emphasized as crucial for making accurate environmental interpretations?

Why are divisions in environmental interpretations stated as not entirely natural?

What does the environment of deposition refer to?

What does facies refer to in the context of sedimentary rocks?

What does the presence of red beds suggest about the environment?

Which type of facies is based on the assemblage of trace fossils?

What is the most important question for environmental interpretation when looking at rocks?

What do evaporite minerals in a succession of rocks indicate?

Which characteristic can be used to determine whether carbonate rocks are marine or nonmarine?

What is the basis for classifying facies as lithofacies?

What does the term 'facies' encompass?

What does biofacies classification primarily focus on?


  • Environment refers to the physical and/or chemical and/or biological conditions that exist in a given local area at a given time or for a period. It can also denote a distinctive kind of geographic setting.
  • Environment of deposition refers to the conditions at the site of deposition.
  • There are various environments, some more common and important in the sedimentary record than others, with some overlap.
  • Making environmental interpretations involves observing rocks and using knowledge, experience, and intuition.
  • Key features to observe in sediment rocks or beds include grain size, shape, sedimentary structures, composition, fossils, stratification sequence, and sediment-body.
  • A facies is the sum of the characteristics of a sedimentary unit, produced by specific physical, chemical, and biological parameters.
  • Facies analysis involves studying textures, sedimentary structures, fossils, and lithologic associations on the scale of an outcrop or well-section.
  • Lithofacies is based on lithology, biofacies on body fossil assemblages, and ichnofacies on trace fossil assemblages.
  • Rocks can be classified as marine or nonmarine based on factors such as fossils, carbonate rocks, red beds, and evaporite chemistry.
  • Fossils indicate organisms that lived in land or ocean.
  • Most carbonate rocks are marine.
  • Red beds suggest nonmarine environment.
  • Evaporite minerals can help determine marine or nonmarine environments based on the suites of minerals present.


Explore the dual usage of the term 'environment' in geography, encompassing physical, chemical, and biological conditions at a specific point or over a period of time, as well as distinctive geographic settings. Learn about the environment of deposition and its significance.

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