# Understanding Earth's Shape and Location

AstoundedMossAgate2289
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## 10 Questions

Equator

Poles

Latitudes

### What is used to find out the location of places on the earth?

Latitude and longitude

90 degrees

90 degrees north

### What does the mid-day sun do in the area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn?

It is exactly overhead at least once a year

### Which area receives the maximum heat?

Areas between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn

### What characterizes the Temperate Zones?

Moderate temperatures

### Where does the angle of the sun’s rays decrease?

Arctic Circle and Antarctic Circle

## Study Notes

### Hemispheres and Latitudes

• The imaginary line that divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres is called the Equator.
• The points on the globe through which the needle passes are called the Geographic Poles.
• The parallel circles from the Equator up to the poles are called Latitudes.

### Measuring Locations

• The location of places on the Earth is found using Latitudes and Longitudes.
• The distance from the Equator to either of the poles is 90° (degrees).

### Latitudes and Sun's Rays

• Latitude 90° N marks the North Pole.
• Between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, the mid-day sun is overhead at least once during the year.
• The area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn receives the maximum heat.
• The Temperate Zones are characterized by moderate temperatures and changing seasons.
• The angle of the sun's rays decreases as you move away from the Equator towards the poles.

Test your knowledge of locating places on the Earth's slightly flattened shape and understand the concept of using points of reference and lines to describe locations. Explore the idea of globe as a miniature model of the Earth.

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