Understanding Earth's Shape and Location

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AstoundedMossAgate2289
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10 Questions

What is the imaginary line that divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres called?

Equator

What are the points on the globe through which the needle passes called?

Poles

What are the parallel circles from the equator up to the poles called?

Latitudes

What is used to find out the location of places on the earth?

Latitude and longitude

What is the distance from the equator to either of the poles?

90 degrees

Which latitude marks the North Pole?

90 degrees north

What does the mid-day sun do in the area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn?

It is exactly overhead at least once a year

Which area receives the maximum heat?

Areas between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn

What characterizes the Temperate Zones?

Moderate temperatures

Where does the angle of the sun’s rays decrease?

Arctic Circle and Antarctic Circle

Study Notes

Hemispheres and Latitudes

  • The imaginary line that divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres is called the Equator.
  • The points on the globe through which the needle passes are called the Geographic Poles.
  • The parallel circles from the Equator up to the poles are called Latitudes.

Measuring Locations

  • The location of places on the Earth is found using Latitudes and Longitudes.
  • The distance from the Equator to either of the poles is 90° (degrees).

Latitudes and Sun's Rays

  • Latitude 90° N marks the North Pole.
  • Between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, the mid-day sun is overhead at least once during the year.
  • The area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn receives the maximum heat.
  • The Temperate Zones are characterized by moderate temperatures and changing seasons.
  • The angle of the sun's rays decreases as you move away from the Equator towards the poles.

Test your knowledge of locating places on the Earth's slightly flattened shape and understand the concept of using points of reference and lines to describe locations. Explore the idea of globe as a miniature model of the Earth.

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