Transport in Plants: Structure and Function

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UndamagedRiemann
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12 Questions

What process moves water across cell membranes in plants?

Osmosis

When plant cells are in a hypertonic solution, what happens to the cells?

They lose water and shrink.

What is the condition of healthy plant cells when they are turgid?

Turgid

What happens to the water potential when solutes are added to a solution?

It decreases

What is the unit of measurement for water potential?

Megapascals

Which direction does water move based on water potential?

From high to low water potential

What is the term used for the movement of materials between cells in plants?

Translocation

What is the physical factor, in addition to cell walls, that contributes to the flaccidity of plant cells in a hypertonic solution?

Plasmolysis

In plant cells, what is the term for the pressure exerted by the entry of water in a hypotonic solution?

Turgor pressure

What is the combined term for the physical and osmotic pressures in plant water potential calculations?

Water potential

In terms of water potential, what happens to ψ when solutes are added to a solution?

ψ decreases

What is the unit of measurement for water potential, symbolized by ψ?

Megapascals (MPa)

Study Notes

Osmosis in Plants

  • Water moves across cell membranes in plants through the process of osmosis.
  • When plant cells are in a hypertonic solution, they lose water and shrink, a condition known as plasmolysis.
  • Healthy plant cells are turgid, meaning they are rigid and swollen due to the influx of water.

Water Potential

  • The addition of solutes to a solution decreases its water potential.
  • Water potential is measured in pressure units, typically in megapascals (MPa).
  • Water moves from an area of high water potential to an area of low water potential.
  • The term for the movement of materials between cells in plants is plasmodesmata.

Turgor Pressure

  • The physical factor that contributes to the flaccidity of plant cells in a hypertonic solution is the loss of turgor pressure, in addition to the cell wall.
  • Turgor pressure is the pressure exerted by the entry of water in a hypotonic solution.

Water Potential Calculations

  • The combined term for the physical and osmotic pressures in plant water potential calculations is the water potential (ψ).
  • When solutes are added to a solution, ψ (water potential) decreases.
  • The unit of measurement for water potential is typically represented by ψ (psi) and is measured in megapascals (MPa).

Explore the movement of materials in plants at different levels, from individual cells to the entire plant. Learn about uptake and release by individual cells, transfer between cells, and the overall movement of water through osmosis.

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