Transport in Animal and Plant: Circulatory Systems

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16 Questions

Which transport system involves the movement of water and nutrients across the plasma membrane of cells through small pores called plasmodesmata?

Symplast transport system

What is responsible for transporting water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves in plants?

Transpiration stream

In which plants is the apoplast transport system found?

Primitive plants

What is the name of the less efficient transport system present in some plants for transporting water and nutrients through the cell walls of the cells?

Apoplast transport system

What plays a crucial role in transporting substances across the body for various purposes in animals?

Closed circulatory system

Which system do plants not have, unlike animals?

Closed circulatory system

What distinguishes the symplast transport system from the apoplast transport system?

Movement of molecules within the cell rather than through the cell walls

What is the function of the heart in a closed circulatory system?

Circulating blood throughout the body

What are the main components of blood vessels?

Arteries, veins, and capillaries

Which component of blood plays a crucial role in preventing excessive bleeding?

Platelets

How do red blood cells contribute to the circulatory system?

Carrying oxygen from the lungs to the body's cells

Why is the symplast transport system more efficient than the apoplast transport system?

It involves movement of molecules within the cell rather than through the cell walls

What is the role of capillaries in the circulatory system?

Facilitating the exchange of substances between the blood and the body's cells

What is plasma responsible for in the circulatory system?

Transporting nutrients, waste products, and hormones throughout the body

What is the primary function of white blood cells in the circulatory system?

Fighting infections and diseases

How do plants rely on for transport?

Transpiration stream

Study Notes

Transport in Animal and Plant

Transport in plants and animals is essential for the functioning of their metabolic processes. The circulatory system plays a crucial role in transporting substances across the body for various purposes. This article discusses the circulatory systems in animals and plants, focusing on the transport of water, nutrients, and waste products.

Circulatory System in Plants

Plants do not have a closed circulatory system like animals. Instead, they rely on a transport system called transpiration stream. The transpiration stream is responsible for transporting water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves, and oxygen and other waste products from the leaves to the roots.

The process of transpiration began in the early stages of plant evolution when the primitive plants did not have a specialized transport system. In these early plants, the apoplast transport system was developed in which water and nutrients were transported through the cell walls of the cells. The apoplast transport system is still present in some plants today, but it is less efficient than the symplast transport system, which is found in most plants.

Symplast Transport System

The symplast transport system involves the movement of water and nutrients across the plasma membrane of cells through small pores called plasmodesmata. This process is much faster and more efficient than the apoplast transport system because it involves the movement of molecules within the cell rather than through the cell walls.

Apoplast Transport System

The apoplast transport system is less efficient than the symplast transport system because it involves the movement of water and nutrients through the cell walls of cells, which can be long and convoluted. This means that the movement of molecules through the apoplast can be slow and inefficient.

Circulatory System in Animals

Animals, on the other hand, have a closed circulatory system that consists of a heart, blood vessels, and blood. The heart pumps blood through the blood vessels, which transport substances to and from the cells of the body.

Heart

The heart is a muscular organ that functions as a pump to circulate blood throughout the body. It consists of four chambers: the right atrium, the right ventricle, the left atrium, and the left ventricle. The heart beats continuously to maintain blood flow, delivering oxygen and nutrients to the body and removing waste products.

Blood Vessels

Blood vessels are responsible for transporting blood throughout the body. There are three main types of blood vessels: arteries, veins, and capillaries. Arteries carry blood away from the heart to the body's cells, veins carry blood back to the heart, and capillaries facilitate the exchange of substances between the blood and the body's cells.

Blood

Blood is a liquid connective tissue that circulates throughout the body. It is composed of several components, including red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, which carries oxygen from the lungs to the body's cells, while white blood cells help fight infections and diseases. Platelets play a crucial role in blood clotting, helping to prevent excessive bleeding. Plasma is the liquid component of blood, which transports nutrients, waste products, and hormones throughout the body.

In conclusion, the circulatory systems in plants and animals play a vital role in the transport of water, nutrients, and waste products. Plants rely on the transpiration stream for transport, while animals have a closed circulatory system consisting of a heart, blood vessels, and blood. Understanding these systems is crucial for maintaining the health and well-being of both plants and animals.

Learn about the circulatory systems in plants and animals, and how they transport water, nutrients, and waste products. Explore the transpiration stream in plants and the closed circulatory system in animals. Gain insights into the role of hearts, blood vessels, and blood in animal circulation.

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