Total Serum Protein Test: Practical Session 2023-2024

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29 Questions

Which protein is the most abundant circulating protein in the blood?

Albumin

What is the main function of albumin in the blood?

Prevention of blood leakage from blood vessels

Which type of globulin helps fight infection?

Gamma globulin

What does testing albumin levels help determine?

Liver and kidney function

Which type of globulin binds with heme forming hemoglobin?

Alpha globulin

What is the normal range for total protein in the blood?

[5.5–9.0 g/dL]

What does a high albumin/globulin ratio greater than 1.0 indicate?

Severe dehydration

What can cause low albumin levels?

Hyperthyroidism

How long does it take for damage to the liver to show up as decreased serum protein levels?

2 weeks

Which method is used for the quantitative measurement of total serum protein?

Lowry method

What is the purpose of using NaOH in the Biuret reagent?

To provide an alkaline medium for the reaction

What type of illness can lead to low albumin levels?

Chronic illness

Which condition can result in a high albumin/globulin ratio?

Tuberculosis

What is the main function of albumin in the blood?

Maintain oncotic pressure and prevent blood leakage from vessels

What is the purpose of testing globulin levels?

To see if a rare blood disease is present

Which condition can result in a high albumin/globulin ratio?

Liver disease

What are the two major groups of proteins found in the blood?

Albumin and globulin

What does a high gamma globulin level indicate?

Infection or immune system response

What can cause low albumin levels?

Liver disease

What may cause a high albumin/globulin ratio?

Kidney disease

Which illness can result in low albumin levels?

Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE)

What is the main function of albumin in the blood?

To maintain osmotic pressure

How long does it take for damage to the liver to show up as decreased serum protein levels?

2 weeks

What is the purpose of using NaOH in the Biuret reagent?

To provide an alkaline medium

Which type of illness can lead to low albumin levels?

Autoimmune hepatitis

What condition can result in a high albumin/globulin ratio?

Leukemia

What does testing albumin levels help determine?

Liver function

What is the normal range for total protein in the blood?

12-16 g/dL

What type of globulin helps fight infection?

Gamma-globulin

This quiz covers the practical session on the total serum protein test, including the measurement of albumin and globulin in the blood. It explains the functions of albumin and globulin and their significance in maintaining blood vessel integrity, transportation, tissue growth, and pH regulation.

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