Tick-Borne Diseases Quiz

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34 Questions

Match the parasite with its associated disease:

Wuchereria bancrofti = Elephantiasis Trichinella spiralis = Trichinosis Onchocerca volvulus = Blindness Fasciola hepatica = Liver Fluke Disease

Match the parasite with its transmission method:

Enterobius vermicularis = Pruritic itch, red papule around the ankle Trichuris trichuria = Rectal prolapse Dracunculus medinensis = Carried by black flies Paragonimus westermani = Crabs are the reservoir

Match the type of worm with its associated infection:

Taenia saginata = Beef tapeworm Diphyllobothrium latum = Fish tapeworm Trichuria = Whipworm infection Trichinella spiralis = Embeds in skeletal muscle

Match the location with the parasite causing damage there:

Inguinal and axillary regions = Enlarged lymph vessels by Wuchereria bancrofti Liver and intestines = Damages caused by Schistosomiasis Skeletal muscle = Damage by Trichinella spiralis Eye beneath conjunctiva = Migrates in causing blindness by Onchocerca volvulus

Match the worm with its associated symptom or effect:

Taenia solium = Causes vitamin B12 deficiency Paragonimus westermani = Frequently misdiagnosed as TB Onchocerca volvulus = African Eye blindness Enterobius vermicularis = Most common in children

Match the host with the type of parasite it carries:

Snails = "Blood Fluke" (S.mansoni, S.hematobium, S.japonicum) Crabs = Reservoir for Paragonimus westermani (Adult Lung Fluke) Mosquitoes = "Guinea Worm" (Dracunculus medinensis) carrier Black flies = "Worm medinensis" (Dracunculus medinensis) carrier

Match the following diseases with their characteristic features:

Anaplasmosis = Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis = Monocytic Lyme Disease = Usually causes a rash with a target pattern Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever = Transmitted by ticks

Match the following diseases with their transmission method:

Endemic Typhus = Transmitted by lice Scrub Typhus Fever = Mouse mite transmission Rickettsial Pox = Mite bite Q Fever = Unknown transmission

Match the following rickettsial diseases with their common symptoms:

Epidemic Typhus = High fever, spotted skin rash Trench Fever = Painless bite, lice papule, eschar Boutonneuse fever = Maculo-papular intermittent fever rash, becomes vesicular Q Fever = La tache noir (same as an Eschar)

Match the following diseases with their causative agents:

Rickettsia prowazekii = Transmitted by lice Rickettsia typhi = Rat flea bite transmission Rickettsia tsutsugamushi (R.orientalis) = Mouse mite transmission Rickettsia conori = Brown dog tick transmission

Match the following diseases with their treatment options:

Anaplasmosis = Treated with tetracyclines Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever = Treated with tetracyclines Scrub Typhus Fever = Treated with tetracyclines Rickettsial Pox = No specific treatment

Match the following diseases with their locations of rash appearance:

Lyme Disease = Less likely to exhibit GI symptoms compared to anaplasmosis Endemic Typhus = Eschar (black spot at site of bite) Rickettsial Pox = Maculo-papular intermittent fever rash on face, trunk, extremities; becomes vesicular like chickenpox Q Fever =

Match the fungal infection with its associated source of exposure:

Sporotrichosis - Blastomyces dermatidis = Pigeon droppings and dusty soil Candida Auris = Thrush (whitish overgrowth of oral cavity) Aspergillus fumigatus = Found in wood, soil Histoplasmosis = Bird droppings

Match the fungal infection with its clinical presentation:

Blastomycosis = Chest pain similar to TB Candida albicans = Resembles TB Aspergillus flavus = Round ball of mycelium (aspergilloma) found in lungs, needs surgery to remove Pneumocystis Pneumonia = Petechiae

Match the fungal infection with its treatment approach:

Candida Auris = Treated with antifungals (“azoles”) Sporothrix schenckii = Causes pus-filled lesions Coccidioides immitis = Can become meningitis Candida albicans = Grains, peanuts = Aflatoxin

Match the fungal infection with its alias or common name:

Blastomycosis = Gilchrist’s disease Aspergillus flavus = Most dangerous candida!- Often fatal, antibiotic resistant Coccidioides immitis = Valley Fever Pneumocystis Pneumonia =

Match the fungal infection with its potential complications:

Histoplasmosis = Pulmonary and disseminated types Aspergillus flavus = If disseminated, can affect heart or brain Candida Auris = Pigeon droppings, soil Sporotrichosis - Blastomyces dermatidis =

Match the fungal infection with its characteristic symptoms:

Candida albicans = Aspergillus fumigatus = Histoplasmosis = Candida Auris =

Match the following skin conditions with their corresponding types of tinea infections:

Blister-like lesions with fluid discharge when scratched = Tinea corporis (body) Athlete's foot = Tinea pedis Scalp infection = Tinea capitis Groin infection = Tinea cruris

Match the following protozoal infections with their causative agents:

Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM) = Naegleria fowleri African Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness) = Trypanosoma brucei Giardiasis = Giardia intestinalis Trichomoniasis = Trichomonas vaginalis

Match the following symptoms with the respective infections:

Dyspnea, fever, nonproductive cough = jirovecii (P. carinii) Swelling of the eyelid on one eye = American Trypanosomiasis (Chagas Disease) Itching, burning, discharge (similar to gonorrhea) = Trichomoniasis Bite turns red, fever, headaches, extreme fatigue, aches/pains = African Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness)

Match the following skin conditions with their corresponding types of tinea infections:

Ringworm infection of the nails = Tinea unguium Beard infection = Tinea barbae Similar to athlete's foot but in the groin area = Tinea cruris Ring-shaped rash on the body = Tinea corporis

Match the following characteristics with the correct protozoal infections:

AKA 'Brain Eating Amoeba' = Naegleria fowleri 95% of victims die if infected = Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM) Transmitted by African tsetse fly = African Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness) Most common intestinal parasitic infection = Giardiasis

Match the following symptoms with the corresponding protozoal infections:

Fatal if not treated, dysentery-like symptoms = Amebiasis Symptoms similar to meningitis and encephalitis = Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM) Swelling of the eyelid on one eye as a sign = American Trypanosomiasis (Chagas Disease) Itching, burning, and discharge in females = Trichomoniasis

Match the following structures with their location within a prokaryotic cell:

Flagella = Outside the Cell Wall Pili = Outside the Cell Wall Capsules = Outside the Cell Wall Ribosomes = Cytoplasm

Match the following components with their function:

Chromosomes = Carries genetic information required by a cell Plasmid = Carries only genetic information advantageous in certain situations Endospore = Dormant cell resistant to heat, desiccation, and toxic chemicals Cytoskeleton = Protein framework involved in cell division and control of cell shape

Match the following viruses with their characteristics:

RSV (Respiratory Syncytial Virus) = More serious in young children and older adults Adenoviruses = Resembles strep; causes pneumonia, viral meningitis, or encephalitis Influenza A = Causes most epidemics; undergoes antigenic drift and shift Parainfluenza = Milder symptoms than RSV and influenza; causes croup and bronchitis

Match the following viruses with their mode of transmission:

Common Cold (Rhinoviruses) = Airborne transmission Hantavirus = Reservoir in deer mouse; can lead to respiratory failure Roseola (HHV 6 and 7) = Airborne transmission; may lead to pneumonia or encephalitis Kaposi Sarcoma (HHV 8) = Found in people with AIDS; causes purplish tumors in skin

Match the following diseases with their characteristics:

Measles (Rubeola) = Spread by respiratory droplets; causes Koplik spots and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis Mumps = Causes infectious parotitis with enlarged jaw tissues; can lead to orchitis or oophoritis Rubella (German Measles) = Causes fever, pale pink maculopapular rash; spread through respiratory droplets or contact Fifth disease (Erythema infectiosum) = Causes mild fiery red rash on cheeks, ears, trunk; adult symptoms similar to rheumatoid arthritis

Match the following viruses with their associated conditions:

Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-1, HSV-2) = Causes cold sores or genital herpes; spread through skin-to-skin contact or sexual contact Cytomegalovirus = Can cause mono or asymptomatic infection; most common congenital infection; complication of AIDS Varicella-Zoster Virus = Causes chickenpox and shingles; spreads through respiratory droplets or lesions; associated with Reye’s Syndrome Epstein-Barr Virus = Major cause of mono; associated with lymphoma, Hodgkin disease, MS, and encephalitis

Match the following viruses with their clinical presentations:

Smallpox = Pink-red macules on face and trunk that progress to pustules leaving pitted scars (pocks) MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) = Measles spread by sneezing; Mumps cause infectious parotitis; Rubella causes pale pink maculopapular rash (polka dots) Warts: Molluscum Contagiosum = Raised pearl-like bumps on skin caused by DNA poxvirus Hepatitis B = Infectious hepatitis with long incubation period; surface antigen HBsAg is tested for

Match the following viral diseases with their modes of transmission:

Yellow Fever = Transmitted by mosquitoes causing a saddle back temperature curve indicating hemorrhagic fever Dengue Fever = Transmitted by mosquitoes causing 'break bone fever' and hepatitis mortality Ebola = Transmitted by fruit bats causing Marburg fever bodies variant of Ebola Lassa Fever = Transmitted by rodents causing jaundice from fever

Match the following enteroviruses with their common clinical manifestations:

Echovirus = Known to cause summer diarrhea Rotavirus = Most common enterovirus causing mild to severe diarrheal disease Norovirus = Causes 'winter vomiting disease'; #1 cause of disease outbreaks from contaminated food in U.S. Enterovirus D68 = Known for causing respiratory illness and acute gastroenteritis

Match the following hepatitis viruses with their characteristics:

Hepatitis B = Infectious hepatitis with a long incubation period; spread through STD but also other bodily fluids Hepatitis A&E = Spread through food or water contaminated by feces Hepatitis C = Most common type of hepatitis transmitted through bloodborne route Other Hepatitis Types = RNA viruses including Hepatitis A&E and C

Test your knowledge on tick-borne diseases such as anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, Lyme disease, rickettsia, and chlamydia. Learn about their symptoms, transmission methods, and treatments.

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