The War of Independence 1857 and its Consequences

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What was the British educational policy's stance on Arabic, Persian, and religious education?

It restricted Arabic, Persian, and religious education in schools.

What was the British perception of Muslims following the War of Independence 1857?

They believed Muslims were responsible for the war and subjected them to ruthless punishment.

What was Sir Syed Ahmad Khan's response to the British educational policy?

He advocated for modern education as a way to progress.

What impact did the British educational policy have on Muslim attitudes towards modern and Western ideas?

It created a wrong attitude of everything modern and Western among Muslims.

What ultimately happened to the Mughal rule after the War of Independence 1857?

The Mughal rule came to an end, and the subcontinent went directly under the British crown.

What did the British believe about the Muslims' relationship with them?

They always looked upon the Muslims as their enemies because they had ousted them from power.

What was the pivotal focus of Sir Syed's movement for the regeneration of Indian Muslims?

Embracing Western cultural values

In what year did Sir Syed launch his educational movement by setting up the Gulshan School at Muradabad?

1859

Who were some of the personalities associated with the Aligarh Movement?

Nawab Mohsin ul Mulk, Nawab Viqar ul Mulk, and Hali

What was one of Sir Syed's immediate objectives in view of starting the Aligarh movement?

To encourage Muslims to embrace Western education

What was the primary aim of Sir Syed's educational movement?

To create a friendly atmosphere between Muslims and the British government

Which event marked the transition of Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental School (MAO) into a university?

Elevation to university level in 1920

What did Sir Syed believe was the only way for Muslims to prosper?

By learning Western philosophy and English literature

What did Sir Syed try to transform Muslim minds from?

Medieval outlook to a modern one

What were Hali and Shibli associated with?

The Aligarh Movement

What was the source of progress and prosperity for the British according to Sir Syed?

Science and learning

The War of Independence 1857 ended in a disaster for the ______

Muslims

The British believed that the Muslims were responsible for the war of 1857 and therefore, they were subjected to ruthless punishment and merciless ______

revenge

The British had always looked upon the Muslims as their enemies because they had ousted them from ______

power

Sir Syed Ahmad Khan made modern education the way to ______

progress

The policy restricted Arabic, Persian and religious education in schools and made English as the only medium of instruction as well as the official language in ______

1835

A wrong attitude of everything modern and Western, and disinclination to make use of the opportunities opening under the new regime was created among the ______

Muslims

Sir Syed had the conviction that regeneration of the Indian Muslims had not at all visualized that mankind had entered a very important phase of its existence, i.e. an era of ______ and learning which was the source of progress and prosperity for the British.

science

Therefore, modern education became the pivot of his movement for the regeneration of the Indian Muslims, which brought a complete orientation in their lives. He tried to transform Muslim minds from medieval outlook to a modern one. Hali and Shibli were also associated with the Aligarh ______.

Movement

Sir Syed’s first and foremost objective was to modernize the Muslims following the Western cultural values that could create friendly atmosphere for the two communities. He motivated his community to learn the Western philosophy and English literature to get along with the ruling people. Therefore, in order to fulfill this desire he started the Aligarh ______.

movement

He had two immediate objectives in view: 1) To remove the state of tension between the Muslims and the British government, and 2) To induce them to get jobs and other facilities under the new ______.

government

The ideas of Sir Syed may be summed up as following: 1. To create an atmosphere of mutual understanding between the British ______ and the Muslims

government

Some English professors like Bech, Morison, Raleigh and Arnold also contributed greatly in building up the Aligarh college into a first rate ______.

institution

Syed Ahmad launched his educational movement by setting up Gulshan School at Muradabad - 1859; Victoria School at Gazipur in 1863; Scientific Society for the translation of English works in the native language, Urdu, at Aligarh in 1864; Aligarh Institute Gazette imparting information on history - ancient and modern, ______ of agriculture, natural sciences, physical sciences and Advanced Mathematics in 1866;

science

Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental School (MAO) at Aligarh in 1875 at the pattern of English public schools and later raised to the level of college in 1877 and ______ in 1920;

university

Mohammedan Educational Conference (1886), which met every year to take stock ______.

o

Fortunately, Syed Ahmad Khan was able to attract a number of sincere friends who shared his views and helped him. Among them were well-known figures like Nawab Mohsin ul Mulk, Nawab Viqar ul Mulk, Hali, Shibli, Nazir Ahmad, Chiragh Ali, Mohammad Hayat, and ______.

Zakaullah

Study Notes

British Educational Policy and Muslim Attitudes

  • The British educational policy restricted Arabic, Persian, and religious education in schools, making English the sole medium of instruction and official language.
  • This policy created a wrong attitude towards modern and Western ideas among Muslims, who became disinclined to adopt new opportunities.

British Perception of Muslims after the War of Independence 1857

  • The British believed Muslims were responsible for the war and subjected them to ruthless punishment and merciless treatment.
  • The British viewed Muslims as enemies, as they had ousted them from power.

Sir Syed Ahmad Khan's Response

  • Sir Syed Ahmad Khan believed modern education was the key to Muslim prosperity and made it the pivot of his movement for Indian Muslim regeneration.
  • He aimed to create an atmosphere of mutual understanding between the British and Muslims, and to induce Muslims to get jobs and facilities under the new regime.

Impact of British Educational Policy on Muslims

  • The policy led to a medieval outlook among Muslims, which Sir Syed tried to transform into a modern one.
  • Sir Syed motivated Muslims to learn Western philosophy and English literature to get along with the ruling British.

The Aligarh Movement

  • Sir Syed launched his educational movement in 1859, setting up the Gulshan School at Muradabad, followed by the Victoria School at Gazipur, the Scientific Society, and the Aligarh Institute Gazette.
  • The Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental School (MAO) was established in 1875, later raised to a college in 1877, and eventually became a university in 1920.
  • The Mohammedan Educational Conference was established in 1886 to meet annually and discuss Muslim education.

Key Personalities Associated with the Aligarh Movement

  • Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Hali, Shibli, Nawab Mohsin ul Mulk, Nawab Viqar ul Mulk, Nazir Ahmad, Chiragh Ali, Mohammad Hayat, and others contributed to the movement.

Sir Syed's Objectives and Beliefs

  • Sir Syed believed modern education was essential for Muslim prosperity and that it was the source of progress and prosperity for the British.
  • He aimed to modernize Muslims according to Western cultural values, creating a friendly atmosphere between the two communities.
  • He believed the only way for Muslims to prosper was to adopt modern and Western ideas.

This quiz explores the aftermath of the War of Independence 1857, particularly its impact on the Muslim population and the end of Mughal rule. Learn about the British perception of Muslims and the harsh repercussions they faced after the war.

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