The Ultimate Nervous System Anatomy and Function Quiz

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By MomentousMorganite

Quiz

Flashcards

123 Questions

Which part of the nervous system encompasses nerves outside the brain and spinal cord?

What are the three basic functions of the nervous system?

What is the role of the nervous system in the body?

Which part of the nervous system is responsible for sending impulses to smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and endocrine glands?

What is the function of neurons in the nervous system?

What is the main function of the central nervous system (CNS)?

Which division of the autonomic nervous system is responsible for the fight or flight response?

What is the anatomy of the nervous system?

Which division of the autonomic nervous system is responsible for the rest and restore response?

Why is it necessary to begin CPR soon after cardiac arrest

Which system generally has an excitatory effect, increasing heart rate and dilating pupils?

What are the structural components of neurons?

Which system helps the body replace its losses during the fight or flight response, increasing GI motility and decreasing heart rate?

What is the role of the peripheral nervous system (PNS)?

Which part of the nervous system is responsible for contraction of the intestines and regulation of the heart rate and blood pressure?

Which two systems generally have opposite effects?

What is the function of cranial nerves in the nervous system?

Which nerves emerge from the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae?

Which nerves emerge from the brain and spinal cord?

Which part of the nervous system is responsible for sending nerves that come from the brain and leave the cranium through the numerous foramen?

Which part of a neuron is responsible for initiating nerve impulses to the muscles?

What is the function of the myelin sheath?

Which of the following is an example of a neurotransmitter?

Which part of the nervous system is responsible for involuntary control of bodily functions?

Which section of the brain is responsible for receiving and interpreting sensory information?

Which lobe of the cerebrum is responsible for processing visual information?

What is the function of the cerebellum?

Which structure is associated with the diencephalon and is responsible for regulating body temperature and hunger?

What is the function of the brain stem?

What is the role of the meninges in the central nervous system?

Which sense is responsible for detecting changes in skin temperature?

Which sense is responsible for detecting intense stimuli of any type?

Which sense is responsible for detecting body position and movement?

Which sense is responsible for detecting taste?

Which sense is responsible for detecting smell?

Which sense is responsible for converting vibrations of air molecules into nerve impulses?

What are the visceral senses?

What is the difference between superficial and central temperature sensors?

What is nociception?

What is the structure of taste buds?

What are the special senses?

Which part of the ear acts as a funnel to collect sound wave vibrations and direct them to the eardrum?

What is the function of the middle ear?

What are the three ossicles in the middle ear?

Where are the equilibrium receptors located in the inner ear?

What causes the tectorial membrane and the hair cells of the organ of Corti to rub against each other?

What is proprioception?

Which one of these is NOT a component of the conjunctiva?

Where is the nictitating membrane located in domestic animals?

What do the tarsal glands produce?

What is the function of the lacrimal apparatus?

What is the name of the space between the bulbar and palpebral portions of the conjunctiva?

Where are the lateral and medial canthus located?

Which layer of the eye contains the photoreceptors that detect the image and generate visual nerve impulses?

What is the function of the iris in the eye?

What is the purpose of the vitreous humor in the eye?

Which layer of the retina contains the sensory receptors for vision, the rods and cones?

What is the function of the lens in the eye?

Which cells in the retina are more sensitive to light and are responsible for night vision?

Which part of the nervous system is responsible for sending nerves that come from the brain and leave the cranium through the numerous foramen?

What is the function of the myelin sheath?

What is the role of the meninges in the central nervous system?

Which sense is responsible for converting vibrations of air molecules into nerve impulses?

What is the main function of the central nervous system (CNS)?

Which one of these is NOT a component of the conjunctiva?

Which part of the ear acts as a funnel to collect sound wave vibrations and direct them to the eardrum?

What type of system is the nervous system

Characteristics of the CNS

Cordlike nerves that link the CNS from the rest of the body

Makes up the Brain and spinal cord

Functional unit of the nervous system

What organs is the the CNS composed of

Is the PNS somatic or autonomic

4 parts of the brain are

Largest component of the brain

Receives and interprets sensory information

Initiates conscious nerve impulses to the skeletal muscles

Integrates neuron activity normally associated with conscious activity

Allows body to have coordinated movement, balance, posture, and complex reflexes

Which part of the brain is responsible for coordinating movement, balance, and posture?

What is the pathway between the brain stem and cerebrum called?

Parts of the diencephalon

What are the three layers of connective tissue that surround the brain and spinal cord called?

Connection between the rest of the brain and the spinal cord

Parts of the brainstem

Involved in autonomic control functions related to heart, respiration, blood vessel diameter, swallowing, and vomiting

Which of these is NOT a characteristic of the spinal cord

Increases breathing, increases heart rate, decreases GI secretions, dilates pupil

General types of stimuli that can trigger a response from sensory receptors

Which fluid helps protect the brain and spinal cord?

What section of the brain is divided into halves and lobes?

Sensation of hunger and thirst

Located in the hypothalamus

Which section of the brain is responsible for processing visual information?

Can activate mechanisms of sweating or piloerection to to correct hypothermia or hyperthermia

Taste buds are located in

Which sense is responsible for detecting touch and pressure?

Special senses

Most structures of the ear are located in the

Acts as a funnel to collect soundwave vibrations and direct them to the eardrum

Which part of the ear converts vibrations of air molecules into nerve impulses?

Amplifies and transmits vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear

Contains 3 small bones called the malleus, incus, and stapes

Connects middle ear cavity with the pharynx

Equalizes air pressure on the two sides of the tympanic membrane

Made up of structures that contribute to both hearing and equilibrium

What is the process called by which the shape of the lens is changed to allow close-up and distant vision?

Which structure produces a waxy substance that helps prevent tears from overflowing onto the face?

Where are the corners where the eyelids come together?

What is the thin transparent membrane that covers the front portion of the eyeball and lines the interior surfaces of the eyelids?

Which structure is the third eyelid of domestic animals located medially between the eyelids and eyeball?

Fluid filled portion of the inner ear that contains the receptor organ for hearing

Major layers of the eyeball

Admits light to its interior and gives strength and shape to the eyeball

Components of the fibrous layer of the eye

Which bone is attached to the tympanic membrane in the middle ear?

Junction between cornea and sclera

Highly reflective area in the rear of the eye

Colored part of the eye

Ring shaped structure located immediately behind the iris, contains tiny muscles that adjust the shape of the lens for near and far vision

Is the retina and lines the back of the eye

Contains actual sensory receptors for vision (rods and cones)

Consists of mainly collagen fibers and makes up the majority of the outer fibrous layer

Description

Test your knowledge of the nervous system's anatomy and functions in this quiz. Explore topics such as the central and peripheral nervous systems, neuron anatomy, cranial nerves, and the effects of sympathetic and parasympathetic functions.

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