The Patkai Range: A Divider between Myanmar and India

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12 Questions

Which country shares a 1,643-kilometer border with India's Northeast?

Myanmar

What is the most prominent town on the Indian side of the India-Myanmar border?

Moreh

Which mountain range forms part of the border between India and Myanmar?

Patkai Range

Which ethnic group resides in the region near the India-Myanmar border on the Indian side?

Kachin

What river is crossed by a bridge connecting the towns of Moreh and Tamu?

More River

Which term refers to India's Northeast as a region?

The Seven Sister States

What is the highest point in the Patkai Range?

Phawngpui

Which river borders the Patkai Range to the north?

Brahmaputra River

What is one major challenge in demarcating the border between India and Myanmar along the Patkai Range?

Complex terrain and dense forests

Which of the following mountain ranges is part of the same larger system as the Patkai Range?

Naga Hills

How long is the border between India and Myanmar that is formed by the Patkai Range?

450 kilometers

Which river marks the southern border of the Patkai Range?

Chindwin River

Study Notes

The Patkai Range: A Divider between Myanmar and India

Nestled between the lush landscapes of Northeastern India and Myanmar, the Patkai Range is a mountainous region that stretches across approximately 450 kilometers (280 miles). This borderland's geographical complexity and cultural diversity make it a fascinating and historically significant area, playing a vital role in the shared history of both nations.

Geography

The Patkai Range, also known as the Patkai Bum, is a subrange of the Himalayan System, forming the westernmost extension of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. The range is characterized by its low-lying, forested peaks, with the highest point being Phawngpui (or Blue Mountain) at 2,157 meters (7,077 feet). The range is bordered by the Brahmaputra River in the north and the Chindwin River in the south.

The Patkai Range is part of a more extensive mountain system that includes the Arakan Yoma (Rakhine Yoma) in Myanmar and the Naga Hills and Lushai (Mizo) Hills in India. This larger system forms an almost continuous mountain chain, dividing the fertile plains of Assam and Manipur in India from the Irrawaddy River basin in Myanmar.

Border

The Patkai Range forms a large portion of the border between India and Myanmar, with the border stretching for approximately 1,643 kilometers (1,020 miles). The Patkai Range's complex terrain, dense forests, and numerous rivers have made it notoriously difficult to demarcate the international boundary. This has resulted in numerous disputes and border agreements between the two countries, with the most recent one signed in 2015.

The border is also home to several small border towns and villages, with the most prominent being Moreh on the Indian side and Tamu on the Myanmar side. These two towns are connected by a bridge over the More River, providing a vital trade and cultural link between the two nations.

Myanmar

Myanmar, or Burma, is a Southeast Asian country that shares a 1,643-kilometer (1,020-mile) border with India's Northeast. The Patkai Range forms part of the border, with most of the range falling within Myanmar's territory. The region is home to several ethnic and tribal groups, including the Kachin, Chin, and Naga peoples, who have historically been at the forefront of political and social movements in the region.

India

India's Northeast, also known as the Seven Sister States, is a culturally diverse region that shares a 1,643-kilometer (1,020-mile) border with Myanmar. The Patkai Range falls within the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Manipur. The region is home to various ethnic and tribal groups, including the Naga, Mizo, and Kuki peoples, who have played a significant role in the political and social movements of the Indian Northeast.

The Patkai Range's strategic location on the India-Myanmar border has also made it a historically significant area. The region has been a site of numerous conflicts and border disputes, with several armed groups operating in the region. Despite these challenges, the Patkai Range continues to serve as a vital cultural and economic link between India and Myanmar, with both nations working towards closer integration and cooperation in the region.

Explore the geographical and cultural significance of the Patkai Range, a mountainous region stretching across India and Myanmar. Learn about its role as a borderland, its complex terrain, and the impact on historical relations between the two nations.

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