The Hanover Dynasty Quiz

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30 Questions

Who was the first Hanoverian monarch of Great Britain and Ireland?

George I

Which branch of the House of Welf is the House of Hanover a part of?

House of Brunswick-Lüneburg line

When did the House of Hanover lose the Duchy of Brunswick?

1918

Who inherited the Principality of Lüneburg from George's brother?

Christian Louis

What was the formal name of the House of Hanover?

House of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Hanover line

Which member of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha succeeded Queen Victoria to the throne of the United Kingdom?

Edward VII

When did Hanover become an Electorate?

1692

What was the name of the first British monarch from the House of Hanover?

George I

Who became the first British monarch from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha upon Queen Victoria's death?

Edward VII

Which son of Duke George became the Prince of Calenberg after the death of his brother, Christian Louis?

George William

Who was declared the heiress of the throne of England by the Act of Settlement of 1701?

Sophia of the Palatinate

Which British monarchs also served as Electors of Hanover?

George I, George II, and George III

Who became the Prince of Lüneburg after the death of his brother, Prince of Calenberg, and relinquished Calenburg?

George William

What was the semi-Salic law that regulated the succession to the Hanoverian throne?

Agnatic-cognatic

Who was the last king of Hanover before it was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia?

George V

Who did Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia marry to settle the rift between the houses of Hanover and Hohenzollern?

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick

Who established a temporary council of regency in the Duchy of Brunswick in 1879?

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick

Which son of George III became the Duke of York and Albany?

Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany

Who succeeded Prince Albert of Prussia as regent of Brunswick after his death in 1906?

Duke John Albert of Mecklenburg

Who renounced Brunswick in favor of his younger son Ernest Augustus?

Duke of Cumberland

Who was deprived of his British titles in 1919 for 'bearing arms against Great Britain'?

Duke of Cumberland

Who was the last head of the House of Hanover?

Ernest Augustus, Prince of Hanover

In what year did the family move to their exile seat at Cumberland Castle in Austria?

1924

Which castle did the family quickly move to before Blankenburg was handed over to the Red Army in 1945?

Marienburg Castle

What was the title granted to the members of the house by King George V in 1914?

Prince of Great Britain and Ireland

Under what act were the family's British peerages and titles suspended?

Titles Deprivation Act 1917

What is the name of the small palace built in 1720 by George I for his daughter Anna Louise that is now Ernest Augustus's private home?

Princely House

What was the nationality of the family besides their German and British?

Austrian

What was the title that Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, declared the formal resumption of for himself and his dynastic descendants?

Prince of Great Britain and Ireland

What happened to Herrenhausen Palace during World War II?

It was completely destroyed

Study Notes

The House of Hanover

  • The House of Hanover is a branch of the House of Welf.
  • The formal name of the House of Hanover is the House of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

Hanoverian Monarchs

  • George I was the first Hanoverian monarch of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • He was also known as the first British monarch from the House of Hanover.
  • King George V of the United Kingdom granted the title of Duke of Brunswick to the members of the house in 1914.
  • Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, declared the formal resumption of the title for himself and his dynastic descendants.
  • British monarchs who served as Electors of Hanover include George I, George II, and George III.

Succession and Inheritance

  • The semi-Salic law regulated the succession to the Hanoverian throne.
  • The Act of Settlement of 1701 declared Princess Sophia of the Palatinate as the heiress of the throne of England.
  • Queen Victoria was succeeded by King Edward VII, a member of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
  • George's brother, Prince of Calenberg, was succeeded by his son, Ernest Augustus.

Events and Conflicts

  • The House of Hanover lost the Duchy of Brunswick in 1866.
  • The family moved to their exile seat at Cumberland Castle in Austria in 1866.
  • The family moved to Marienberg Castle before Blankenburg was handed over to the Red Army in 1945.
  • Herrenhausen Palace was destroyed during World War II.
  • The family's British peerages and titles were suspended under the Titles Deprivation Act of 1917.
  • Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, was deprived of his British titles in 1919 for 'bearing arms against Great Britain'.

Family Members

  • Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia married Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, to settle the rift between the houses of Hanover and Hohenzollern.
  • Prince Albert of Prussia served as regent of Brunswick until his death in 1906.
  • Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, renounced Brunswick in favor of his younger son Ernest Augustus.
  • Ernest Augustus is the last head of the House of Hanover.
  • George III's son, Ernest Augustus, became the Duke of York and Albany.
  • King George V of the United Kingdom succeeded Prince Albert of Prussia as regent of Brunswick after his death in 1906.

Test your knowledge on the Royal Family history with the Hanover Dynasty Quiz! Learn about the reigns of Ernest Augustus and George V, the end of the Kingdom of Hanover, and more. Challenge yourself with questions on this fascinating period of European history.

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