The Great Irish Famine and Its Impact

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The Great Irish Famine occurred in Ireland between 1845 and 1850. During this time, severe crop failure meant that approximately one million people ______

died

After the Great Famine, many people decided to emigrate to different countries. They decided it would be better to speak English rather than Irish so they would be able to find work in Great Britain, Australia and ______

America

At this time, Ireland was ruled by Great Britain. The British banned the teaching of the Irish language and Irish history in schools in ______

Ireland

Michael Cusack, Maurice Davin and Dr Douglas Hyde believed that Irish people should be proud of their language and traditions. They wanted the Irish language, music, dance, stories, writing and ______ to be revived.

games

While working as a teacher in Dublin, he was shocked to see how few children had any interest in Irish games. Together with Maurice Davin, he established an organisation called ‘The Gaelic Athletic Association’ (the GAA) to promote Irish sport and ______.

games

In 1913, the GAA bought a plot in Dublin, which would become Croke Park, where ______ and football matches and finals would be played

hurling

Croke Park was named after Archbishop Croke of Cashel, who was the first patron of the GAA.Dr Douglas Hyde, Eoin MacNeill and five other men met in Dublin to discuss how the Irish language could be preserved and ______

encouraged

Nine years after the GAA was established, the Gaelic League was founded in 1893 to promote the ______

Irish language

Dr Douglas Hyde was the first president of the ______

Gaelic League

In 1898, the first English and Irish bilingual newspaper was published.It contained news of the day and news from Irish people in different countries, such as ______

America

Study Notes

The Great Irish Famine

  • Occurred in Ireland between 1845 and 1850
  • Severe crop failure led to approximately one million people dying

Impact of the Great Famine

  • Many people emigrated to different countries, deciding to speak English instead of Irish to find work
  • Emigrated to countries such as Great Britain, Australia, and others

British Rule and Language Suppression

  • Ireland was ruled by Great Britain at the time
  • The British banned the teaching of Irish language and history in schools

Revival of Irish Culture

  • Michael Cusack, Maurice Davin, and Dr Douglas Hyde wanted to revive Irish language, music, dance, stories, writing, and traditions
  • They established the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) to promote Irish sport and culture
  • The GAA bought a plot in Dublin, which became Croke Park, where hurling and football matches and finals would be played

Croke Park and the GAA

  • Croke Park was named after Archbishop Croke of Cashel, the first patron of the GAA
  • Dr Douglas Hyde, Eoin MacNeill, and five other men met to discuss preserving the Irish language

The Gaelic League

  • Founded in 1893 to promote the Irish language
  • Dr Douglas Hyde was the first president of the Gaelic League

Irish Language and Press

  • In 1898, the first English and Irish bilingual newspaper was published
  • The newspaper contained news of the day and news from Irish people in different countries, such as the United States

Learn about the historical impact of the Great Irish Famine which led to mass emigration and cultural changes in Ireland. Discover how the event influenced language and history education in the country during the British rule.

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