The Birth of Modern Computing: Transistors Revolution

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During which era did the Birth of Modern Computing occur?

20th Century

Which era saw the Rise of Microcomputers?

1990s

Which era is characterized by the evolution of Mechanical Computers?

Pre-20th Century

In which century did Early Electronic Computers emerge?

20th Century

When did advancements in the 21st Century start to take place?

21st Century

At which point in history did the Internet Era occur?

1990s

Who designed the Analytical Engine in the 1830s?

Charles Babbage

What key features did the Analytical Engine have?

Basic arithmetic operations, loops, and conditional branching

Who perfected the use of punched cards for storing and processing information?

Herman Hollerith

Which details of Blaise Pascal's calculator are mentioned in the text?

The internal gear mechanism and user interface

What was the purpose of Herman Hollerith's late-19th-century census machine?

To process statistical data quickly using punched cards

Who invented the compact 1940 census machine that worked faster than its predecessor?

Eugene M. La Boiteaux

What was the precursor to the modern internet created by Department of Defense's Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)?

ARPANET

Which microcomputer from the 1970s inspired Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop software for it?

Altair 8800

What significant impact did the Apple II have on the home computing market when it was introduced in 1977?

It made a significant impact on the home computing market.

Who invented the World Wide Web in 1989, making the internet accessible to non-technical users?

Tim Berners-Lee

Which technology was an EPROM chip effectively a forerunner of?

Flash memory

What became the industry standard and accelerated the adoption of personal computers in businesses and homes when launched in 1981?

IBM PC

Who were the inventors of transistors that revolutionized computing in 1947?

John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley

What technology replaced bulky vacuum tubes in computers, making them smaller, faster, and more reliable?

Transistors

Which family of mainframe computers introduced in 1964 set a new standard for computer architecture?

IBM System/360 series

Who designed the IBM 704 mainframe which was a successor to the 701 and helped pave the way for the IBM System/360?

Gene Amdahl

What important development in the late 1960s laid the foundation for the Internet as we know it today?

ARPANET

Which team is credited with laying the foundation for modern computing by inventing transistors?

Bell Labs team - John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley

In which year did Apple release the first modern tablet computer?

2010

Which company released the Galaxy SII, one of the first smartphones with a high-resolution display?

Samsung

Which technology enables businesses and individuals to access data and applications from anywhere over the internet?

Cloud Computing

What field has seen breakthroughs in natural language processing and image recognition due to advancements in AI and ML?

Artificial Intelligence

Which company is known for its efforts in developing quantum computers based on the principles of quantum mechanics?

Google

In which year did Apple release the iPhone X, the first smartphone with a bezel-less display?

2017

Learn about the invention of transistors by John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley at Bell Labs in 1947, which revolutionized the computing industry in the 1950s-1960s. Discover how transistors replaced bulky vacuum tubes, leading to smaller, faster, and more reliable computers.

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