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ELA - Final May 2024 - multiple choice

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25 Questions

What is the primary function of characters in a story?

To perform the actions and speak the dialogue of a story

What is the 'where' and 'when' of a story?

Setting

What is the underlying insight or moral of a story?

Theme

What is the primary purpose of conflict in a story?

To set up a series of cause and effect events

What is the component of a story that includes introduction, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution?

Plot

What determines the perspective from which a story is told?

Point of View

What is the primary function of tone in a writer's work?

To establish the writer's unique voice and attitude

What is the purpose of an allegory in a writer's work?

To convey a deeper hidden meaning in the story, often with moral or political implications

What is the main difference between a flashback and foreshadowing?

A flashback looks backward, while foreshadowing hints at things yet to come

What is the primary function of style in a writer's work?

To establish the writer's unique voice and attitude

What is the main purpose of an allusion in a writer's work?

To provide context or give depth to the narrative by referring to the events or characters from another story

What is the main difference between irony and juxtaposition?

Irony involves a contrast between expectations and reality, while juxtaposition involves placing two ideas side by side to create a comparison or contrast

What is the primary function of the exposition in a story?

To introduce characters, setting, and inciting incidents

Which narrative perspective is characterized by the use of the pronoun 'you'?

Second person

What is the primary function of the climax in a story?

To mark a turning point or pivotal moment

What is the term for a narrator who has knowledge of multiple characters' thoughts and feelings?

Omniscient

What is the theme of a literary work?

A general statement about life or human experience

Which part of a story deals with the aftermath of the climax?

Falling action

What is the term for a narrator who only describes characters' actions and dialogue?

Third-person Objective

What literary device is used to express the opposite of the literal meaning of words?

Irony

What is the primary purpose of satire in literature?

To inform the reader and potentially contain a call to action

What type of character is vital to the development and resolution of the plot?

Major character

What is the term for the perspective from which a story is told?

Point of view

What literary device involves giving objects meanings beyond their literal functions?

Symbolism

What is the term for the background to a story, including the time and place in which it takes place?

Setting

Study Notes

The Five Primary Elements of a Story

  • A story consists of five primary elements: character, setting, plot, conflict, and theme.
  • Character: The people or animals that perform the actions and speak the dialogue in a story.
  • Setting: The physical location and time period in which the story takes place.
  • Plot: The events that occur in a story, which can be divided into introduction, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
  • Conflict: A challenge or problem that drives the story's action and creates a series of cause-and-effect events.
  • Theme: The underlying insight, moral, or idea that the writer expresses through the story.

Advanced Story Elements

  • Point of View (POV): The perspective from which a story is told, which can be identified by asking "who is telling the story?"
  • Tone: The overall attitude or feeling that the writer conveys through their word choices, literary devices, and grammar.
  • Style: The individual author's unique voice, which is influenced by their word choices, plot patterns, and sentence structures.
  • Mood: The effect that the writer creates in the reader, which is evoked through their use of language.

Literary Devices

  • Allegory: A story in which characters and events are used to convey a deeper, hidden meaning.
  • Allusion: A reference to a person, place, event, or work of art that is outside the text itself.
  • Flashback: A narrative device that reveals something that happened before the present moment in the story.
  • Foreshadowing: A hint or suggestion about events that will occur later in the story.
  • Irony: A contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually happens.
  • Juxtaposition: The placement of two or more elements side by side to create a comparison or contrast.
  • Paradox: A statement or situation that seems contradictory or absurd, but may contain a deeper truth.

Plot Structure

  • Exposition: The beginning of the story, which introduces the characters, setting, and situation.
  • Rising Action: The events that lead up to the climax, which build suspense and develop characters.
  • Climax: The most intense or critical moment in the story, which is often a turning point.
  • Falling Action: The events that follow the climax, which deal with the consequences of the characters' actions.
  • Resolution: The conclusion of the story, which ties up loose ends and provides closure.

Narrative Perspective

  • First Person: The narrator is a character within the story and uses the pronoun "I" or "we".
  • Second Person: The narrator addresses the reader directly using the pronoun "you".
  • Third Person Omniscient: The narrator has access to the thoughts and feelings of multiple characters.
  • Third Person Objective: The narrator describes the characters' actions and dialogue, but does not reveal their thoughts or feelings.
  • Third Person Limited: The narrator is limited to the internal workings of a single character, usually the protagonist.

Theme and Satire

  • Theme: The author's central message or idea about a topic or subject.
  • Satire: The use of humor to mock or criticize a person, idea, or institution, often to inform or persuade the reader.

Characterization

  • Major Characters: Characters who are vital to the development and resolution of the plot.
  • Minor Characters: Characters who serve to complement the major characters and advance the plot.
  • Protagonist: The central character who faces a conflict or challenge.
  • Antagonist: The character who opposes the protagonist.
  • Dynamic Characters: Characters who change over time, often as a result of resolving a conflict.
  • Static Characters: Characters who do not change over time.
  • Round Characters: Characters who have complex personalities and are often portrayed as conflicted.
  • Flat Characters: Characters who are known for one personality trait or characteristic.
  • Stock Characters: Characters who have become stereotypical through repeated use in stories.

Setting

  • Setting: The physical location and time period in which the story takes place.
  • Time of Day or Year: The time of day or year can influence the mood or atmosphere of the story.
  • Familiar or Unfamiliar Place: The setting can affect the characters' actions and behaviors.
  • Mood or Atmosphere: The setting can create a specific mood or atmosphere that influences the reader's feelings.

Test your knowledge of the fundamental elements of a story, including character, setting, plot, and more. Identify the key components that make up a narrative.

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