Sonnet Structure and Types

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By CherishedLute

Quiz

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16 Questions

Where did the Petrarchan sonnet originate?

What is the main difference between Petrarchan and Shakespearean sonnets?

How many lines does a sonnet typically consist of?

What is the rhyme scheme of a Petrarchan sonnet?

What is the structure of a Shakespearean sonnet?

What is the common meter used in sonnets?

What differentiates Petrarchan and Shakespearean sonnets?

Which type of sonnet originates from England?

What characterizes the structure of a Petrarchan sonnet?

In what language did the Petrarchan sonnet originate?

What is the primary feature of the Shakespearean sonnet's rhyme scheme?

Which type of sonnet has more flexible volta placement?

What is the defining characteristic of iambic pentameter?

What does the term 'pentameter' in iambic pentameter refer to?

How would you describe the rhythm pattern in iambic pentameter?

What makes the use of iambic pentameter in English poetry and verse sound natural?

Summary

  • A sonnet is a type of poem with 14 lines, originating from English and Italian literature.
  • The lines typically consist of ten syllables each, with the use of iambic pentameter common.
  • Two main types of sonnets exist: Petrarchan and Shakespearean.
  • Petrarchan sonnets have an octave and a sestet, with the volta often situated between them. The rhyme scheme usually follows abba abba cdecde or cdcdcd.
  • Shakespearean sonnets consist of three quatrains and a couplet, with the volta having more flexibility and potentially appearing after the poem's midsection.
  • The rhyme scheme for Shakespearean sonnets is typically a b a b c d c d e f e f gg.
  • The Petrarchan sonnet originated in Italy, while the Shakespearean sonnet originated in England.
  • The Petrarchan sonnet's structure includes an octave and a sestet, with the volta between them.
  • The Shakespearean sonnet's structure consists of three quatrains and a couplet, with the volta having more flexible placement.
  • The Petrarchan sonnet's rhyme scheme combines envelope rhymes and triple rhymes.
  • The Shakespearean sonnet's rhyme scheme consists of alternate rhymes and a rhyming couplet.

Description

Test your knowledge of the structure and types of sonnets, a 14-line poem originating from English and Italian literature. Learn about the differences between Petrarchan and Shakespearean sonnets, their rhyme schemes, and volta placements.

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