Soap Making Process: Finishing Step 5

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What is the purpose of deodorization in soap making?

To remove odor-causing volatile compounds from fats and oils

In which step of the soap making process does saponification occur?

Step 2

Which soap making method involves reaching trace before pouring into molds for curing?

Cold process

How is glycerine recovered in the soap making process?

By using the differences in density to separate it

What is done during the refining step of soap making?

Passing the soap through rollers to homogenize the mixture

Which soap making method involves cooking fats or oils until thickened before molding?

Fully boiled / hot process

Which oil is known for producing a thick lather and hydrating the skin in soap-making?

Coconut Oil

Which oil enriches soap with omega-3 fatty acids, providing moisturizing properties?

Fish Oil

What is the function of sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide in soap-making?

Raising the pH of the soap mixture

Which process involves removing impurities like free fatty acids and metals?

Refining

What is the main function of additives in soap-making?

Improving scent, color, texture, or skin benefits

Which oil is a fundamental ingredient that imparts hardness and stability to soap bars?

Palm Kernel Oil

What is the purpose of finishing step 5 in the detergent making process?

To transfer the finished product into packaging containers for storage and distribution

What is one of the hazards associated with surfactants used in detergents?

Cause release of toxins that harm aquatic life

What type of treatment is the 'screening' process in wastewater treatment?

Preliminary treatment

How do phosphates impact aquatic life?

Cause algal blooms leading to oxygen deprivation for aquatic life

What is the role of activated carbon adsorption in wastewater treatment?

Removing organic compounds and impurities from water

Why are formaldehyde and ammonium sulfate mentioned in relation to detergent making?

For their presence in detergents as harmful chemicals

What role do surfactants play in cleaning detergents?

Helping trap dirt and remove it from the surface

Which alkalis are commonly used in the production of detergents?

Potassium Hydroxide (KOH), Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH)

What is the function of builders in detergent formulations?

Improving cleaning performance by removing grime, stains, and hard water minerals

Which type of enzyme is commonly used to remove protein soils from dishes?

Proteases

What is the primary function of catalytic enzymes in detergent formulations?

Effectively removing difficult and dried-on soils

Why are alkalis added in detergent production?

To aid in raising the pH level of the solution for producing detergent

Which civilization was credited for inventing soap first, based on the earliest record of it?

Mesopotamians

What is the process of making soap called?

Saponification

What are the two main products of saponification?

Fatty Acids and Glycerol

The most widely used detergent enzymes remove protein, lipid, and polysaccharide soils. What are these enzymes called?

Proteases

What is the name of the surfactant that mainly causes algal bloom?

Phosphates

Learn about the final step in the soap making process where the continuous soap ribbon is cut into individual bars or shapes, packaged and prepared for distribution and sale. Understand the significance of raw materials like detergent surfactants and alkalies in the soap making process.

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