San Francisco Growth During the Gold Rush

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What is the definition of Manifest Destiny?

The God-given right for America to expand westward

Which economic opportunity was available in the West during Westward Expansion?

Farming

What was a common job opportunity related to the railroad during Westward Expansion?

Railroad jobs

Which governmental policy granted 160 acres of land for free to those over 21 who made improvements within five years?

Homestead Act

During Westward Expansion, what was one of the support service jobs needed by those involved in gold mining businesses?

Restaurant owners

What caused the amount of railroads to triple between 1860 and 1880?

Pacific Railroad Act

What was the main effect of the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869?

Increased ease of travel and transportation of goods to the west

Why did the addition of more Western states to the Union lead to sectional conflict?

It increased tensions over the balance of power between free and slave states

What is depicted in Gast's painting 'American Progress'?

An angel figure spreading American civilization through telegraph wires

What was a significant consequence of Westward Expansion in relation to Native Americans?

Forced removal onto reservations or extermination

Why did white miners in California attack Chinese communities during Westward Expansion?

To expel foreign miners and take over their claims

What role did cultural messaging play in Westward Expansion?

Promoted the idea of American superiority and divine mission

What was the primary purpose of the Homestead Act?

To populate Western lands with small, independent farmers

What belief was closely related to the concept of manifest destiny?

Superiority of American civilization

What did the painting 'American Progress' symbolize in relation to westward expansion?

Advancement and civilization brought by Americans

What impact did westward expansion have on racial conflict?

It sparked racial violence and tension

Which group faced discrimination and violence during the westward expansion period?

Native Americans and African Americans

What was a consequence of the increase in westward expansion according to the text?

Unprecedented prosperity for some and misery for others

How did the U.S. Army respond to the presence of Plains Indians on lands desired by white settlers?

They sought to exterminate or confine them to reservations

What was a major consequence of new Western states joining the union?

Intensified tensions over power balance between free and slave states in Congress

What event drew young men from all over the world to San Francisco in 1849?

Gold rush in California

Which journalist coined the term 'manifest destiny' and what did it refer to?

John O'Sullivan - Westward expansion as God's will

What impact did the gold rush have on California's population from 1848 to 1860?

Boosted the non-Indian population to over 350,000

What was one way the Federal Government facilitated westward migration during the Civil War?

Passing the Pacific Railway Act

What was a major economic opportunity that drew people to the West in the mid-19th century?

Hardware stores serving miners

How did the completion of the transcontinental railroad impact travel across the United States?

It reduced travel time from five months to six days

What legislative act granted railroad companies over 100-million acres to complete a transcontinental railroad?

Pacific Railway Act

What did John O'Sullivan believe regarding westward expansion and manifest destiny?

'Manifest destiny' had God's support for westward expansion

What were most people who went to the West before the gold rush working as?

'49ers' farmers

Who were mainly seeking economic opportunities in California during the gold rush period?

Miners from all over the world.

What concept did John O'Sullivan believe in regarding America's expansion westward?

Divine obligation to expand westward

Which governmental policy granted 160 acres of land for free to individuals over 21 who made improvements within five years?

Homestead Act

What was a common economic opportunity that drew people to the West during Westward Expansion?

Mining for gold

What contributed to the tripling of the number of railroads between 1860 and 1880?

Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad

What type of job opportunities were available in support of the gold mining businesses during Westward Expansion?

Restaurants, tool shops, and boarding houses

What is the primary reason for the Westward Expansion related to Cultural Messaging?

Spreading American civilization and values

How did the addition of Western states to the Union impact the balance of power in Congress?

It led to increased tensions between Northern and Southern states

Which group faced discrimination and violence during Westward Expansion?

Native Americans

Why did white miners in California target Chinese communities during Westward Expansion?

Out of racial prejudice and economic competition

What is the significance of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 in U.S. history?

It was the first legislation to restrict immigration based on race

In Gast's painting 'American Progress', what is symbolized by the Native Americans running away to the east?

Forced displacement due to westward expansion

What was the primary reason for the sudden population growth in San Francisco in the years following the discovery of gold in California?

The influx of gold miners from various regions

How did the completion of the transcontinental railroad impact westward migration?

It facilitated easier travel and transportation of goods

Who coined the term 'manifest destiny' and what did it suggest?

John O'Sullivan - The divine mission for U.S. expansion to the Pacific

What was the impact of westward migration on Native American populations?

Many Native Americans were forced off their lands or faced population decline

What was a common economic opportunity that drew people to the West during this period?

Mining and agriculture

How did the Homestead Act impact westward migration?

It granted 160 acres of free land to individuals over 18 with no restrictions

What economic activities were commonly associated with serving miners during Westward Expansion?

Hardware stores, boarding houses, and restaurants

What was the primary purpose of the Homestead Act?

To promote the growth of small, independent farmers in the West

How did the concept of manifest destiny view U.S. expansion towards the Pacific?

As a natural and divine mission provided by God

What did the painting 'American Progress' symbolize in relation to westward expansion?

Depiction of American superiority over wilderness

What legislative act aimed to reduce travel time across the United States following its completion?

The Pacific Railway Act

Why did the U.S. Army seek to exterminate or confine Plains Indians to reservations during and after the Civil War?

In order to protect the interests of white settlers and ensure expansion

What was one major consequence of the increase in westward expansion during this period?

A significant impact on both people and politics

What belief was closely related to manifest destiny during Westward Expansion?

Belief in the divine mission to spread across North America

What was a significant consequence of westward expansion in relation to Native Americans?

Violence, discrimination, and loss of land among Native American populations

What was the main effect of new Western states joining the union in relation to sectional conflict?

Increase in tensions leading to the outbreak of the Civil War

What was a common job opportunity related to the railroad during Westward Expansion?

Railroad construction worker

What legislative act granted railroad companies over 100-million acres to complete a transcontinental railroad?

Morrill Act

What was a major economic opportunity that drew people to the West in the mid-19th century?

Gold mining

Which group faced discrimination and violence during the westward expansion period?

Chinese communities

Explore the rapid growth of San Francisco during the Gold Rush era in the mid-19th century, as people from around the world flocked to the city seeking their fortunes. Discover how the discovery of gold transformed San Francisco into a culturally diverse and bustling metropolis.

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