Roman Republic and Julius Caesar Quiz

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17 Questions

What was the purpose of the Wedge formation used by the Roman legions?

To divide and force through the enemy lines

What was the purpose of the Repel-Cavalry formation used by the Roman legions?

To protect against cavalry attacks

What was the purpose of the Orb formation used by the Roman legions?

To form a defensive circle around archers and officers

What type of rewards were given to Roman soldiers for bravery?

Medals, arm bands, and neck bands

What was the punishment for Roman soldiers who deserted or abandoned their posts?

Beatings to death by fellow soldiers

What was the system of government in the Roman Republic for 500 years?

Two consuls with significant powers, advised by the Senate

Why did the Romans build their city on 7 hills?

To protect themselves from enemies

What event led to Romulus naming Rome after himself?

A disagreement over spotting an eagle first

Which group in Roman society had members like Caesar, Senators, and Equestrians?

Patricians

What did a Roman soldier receive during enrolment according to the text?

3 gold coins known as viaticum

Why did Roman soldiers start walking with their right leg first?

Because they believed the left leg brought bad luck

Which military maneuver was used by the Romans to advance towards the enemy by creating a shell-like formation?

The Turtle

What was the main reason for the fall of the Roman Empire according to the passage?

All of the above

What change did Octavian make after becoming the first emperor of the Roman Empire?

Both b and c

What was the name given to the period of peace and prosperity that lasted for almost 200 years under Augustus Caesar?

Both a and b

What was the main reason for the assassination of Julius Caesar?

Senators feared that Caesar would be made king.

What was the main change to Rome's system of taxation made by Augustus Caesar?

He made no significant changes to the taxation system.

Study Notes

Roman Army Tactics

  • The Wedge was a tactic used to divide the enemy by creating a 'V' shape.
  • The Repel-Cavalry was used to protect against soldiers on horses.
  • The Orb was used when the army had been split, where legionaries formed a circle with their shields to protect archers and officers.

Rewards and Punishments

  • Rewards for bravery included medals, arm bands, and neck bands.
  • Gold crowns and silver spears were given to officers.
  • Punishments for deserters, soldiers who left their post, or fell asleep on look-out included being beaten to death by their fellow soldiers.

Roman Republic Government

  • The Roman Republic governed Ancient Rome for 500 years.
  • Consuls were a powerful position, with two elected for one-year terms.
  • Consuls decided when to go to war, how much taxes to collect, and what laws were.
  • The Senate advised the consuls, and senators were selected for life.
  • The Citizen Assembly (Plebeian Council) allowed common people to elect their own leaders, pass laws, and hold court.

Ancient Rome

  • Rome was founded on the river Tiber in 753 BC, providing a source of water and transportation.
  • The city was built on 7 hills, which helped protect them from enemies.
  • The first hill built on was Palatine, and the twin brothers Romulus and Remus are seen as the founders of Rome.

Roman Society

  • Roman citizens were divided into two main classes: Patricians (top of Roman society) and Plebeians (working class).
  • Slaves were not seen as Roman citizens, but formed a third class.

Roman Army

  • Soldiers could enroll at 18 and served for 25 years.
  • During enrollment, they received a viaticum of 3 gold coins.
  • They received land at retirement after 25 years of service.
  • Roman soldiers walked 36 kilometers (30,000 paces) and wore armor weighing 20kg.
  • They started walking with their right leg, believing the left was unlucky.

Fall of the Roman Empire

  • The Roman Republic grew larger and more populated, making it difficult to maintain order and stability.
  • Julius Caesar gained control, but was assassinated by senators fearing he would be made king.
  • Octavian, Caesar's adopted son, emerged as the winner of a power struggle and became the first emperor of the Roman Empire, taking the name Augustus Caesar.
  • Augustus expanded the empire, rebuilt its infrastructure, and made changes to Rome's system of taxation, leading to a period of peace and prosperity known as the Pax Romana.

Reasons for the Fall of the Roman Empire

  • The empire stopped growing and became expensive to maintain.
  • Roman officials raised taxes, making it hard for ordinary Romans.
  • It became harder to become educated, and agriculture declined.
  • Slave labor took work from ordinary Romans, and politics grew corrupt.
  • By the end of the 5th century, the Roman empire fell under its own internal problems and external raids.

Test your knowledge on the rise and fall of the Roman Republic, the assassination of Julius Caesar, and the emergence of Octavian as the ruler. Learn about the power struggles and political dynamics of ancient Rome.

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