Research Instruments for Data Collection

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16 Questions

What is the purpose of data collection in research?

To objectively and systematically interpret the findings

What aspect is designed to ensure that a survey is representative of the wider population?

Approved sampling method

What is a questionnaire in the context of research instruments?

A series of questions for collecting information from respondents

What are the two types of data mentioned in the text?

Quantitative data and qualitative data

What is a critical part of the research process according to the text?

Collecting data from the sample selected

What are research instruments?

Methods/tools for collecting data about a research project

What is the data gathering tool consisting of planned lists of questions to be answered by the participants of the study?

Questionnaire

Which scale orders objects according to their characteristics but does not indicate the difference between ranks?

Ordinal scale

What type of scale provides respondents' feedback, opinion, or feelings in terms of numerical values?

Likert scale

Which type of measurement scale determines the 'rate' which can be used to link two variables?

Ratio scale

What research instrument is a perfect way to obtain accurate knowledge from a single person or a small number of people?

Interviews

What method of data collection is obtained through observation and involves expert observation and recording of information on the subject?

Direct observations/experiments

In which type of observation does the researcher become part of the test group?

Participant observation

Which type of observation involves observing the behavior of the test group in a natural environment and not in a laboratory setting?

Naturalistic observation

What method of data collection involves findings reported against an accepted checklist?

Structured observation

Which type of scale is a rating scale that provides the respondents feedback, opinion, or feelings in terms of numerical values?

Likert scale

Study Notes

Data Collection in Research

  • The purpose of data collection in research is to gather information to answer research questions.

Ensuring Representativeness

  • A representative sample is designed to ensure that a survey is representative of the wider population.

Research Instruments

  • A questionnaire is a research instrument used to gather data through a series of questions.
  • Research instruments are methods used to collect data, including questionnaires, surveys, and observational studies.

Types of Data

  • There are two types of data: quantitative (numerical) and qualitative (non-numerical).

Importance of Data Collection

  • Data collection is a critical part of the research process.

Scales of Measurement

  • An ordinal scale orders objects according to their characteristics but does not indicate the difference between ranks.
  • A Likert scale is a rating scale that provides respondents' feedback, opinion, or feelings in terms of numerical values.
  • An interval scale determines the 'rate' which can be used to link two variables.

Data Collection Methods

  • An interview is a research instrument that is a perfect way to obtain accurate knowledge from a single person or a small number of people.
  • Participant observation is a method of data collection obtained through observation and involves expert observation and recording of information on the subject.
  • In participant observation, the researcher becomes part of the test group.
  • Naturalistic observation involves observing the behavior of the test group in a natural environment and not in a laboratory setting.
  • Content analysis is a method of data collection that involves findings reported against an accepted checklist.

Explore the critical process of data collection in research, from meticulous planning to the systematic interpretation of findings. Learn about selecting samples, determining data needs, and using specific instruments for data collection.

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