Research Design Types and Characteristics Quiz

UnboundNovaculite488 avatar
UnboundNovaculite488
·

Start Quiz

57 Questions

What is the purpose of non-experimental research design?

To make account of events as they naturally occur

Which type of research design involves observing and describing the behavior of a subject without influencing it?

Descriptive Research Design

When is Descriptive Research Design especially effective?

When the area has been previously studied

What type of questions does Descriptive Research Design aim to answer?

Questions starting with 'what', 'when', 'why', and 'how'

What are typical data collection methods in research design?

Questionnaire, interview, files, document, observation

What does univariant descriptive design focus on?

Frequency of a phenomenon and may involve multiple variables

What is the aim of explorative designs?

Identify, explore, and describe existing phenomena and related factors

What do comparative designs do?

Compare and contrast two or more variables on the same phenomena

What is the purpose of descriptive research design?

Define subject characteristics, measure data trends, and validate existing conditions

What are important issues in descriptive design?

Inability to make conclusions about relationships studies, graphic distortion, response and non-response bias

What do interrelational studies provide insight into?

Phenomenon of interest and trace the interrelationships between variables

What does correlational design describe?

Linear relationship and measures the strength and direction of the relationship between variables

What are the types of correlational research design mentioned?

Prospective and retrospective research designs

What does prospective research design relate to?

Relates the present to the future and is often longitudinal

What are the advantages of correlational design?

Ability to analyze relationships among a large number of variables, demonstrate the degree of relationship between variables, and open up further research opportunities

What type of design collects data over an extended time period, examining development through a series of observations or measurements over time?

Developmental design

Which design investigates distribution and causes of diseases in the population, employing cohort studies (prospective) and case-control studies (retrospective)?

Epidemiological design

What type of design is used to describe and explore events, collecting information from a homogenous group of subjects through various methods like phone, mail, interview, or questionnaire?

Cross-sectional survey design

What type of design collects data on variables without trying to influence those variables, detecting changes over time?

Longitudinal design

Which type of research design requires no experiment and is suitable for fields like psychology, sociology, and nursing?

Non-experimental design

What do cohort studies longitudinally observe in epidemiological research studies?

The occurrence of a disease in exposed individuals

What do case-control studies investigate in epidemiological research studies?

The investigation of causes after disease occurrence

What do cross-sectional surveys study?

Phenomena at one point in time

What do longitudinal surveys study?

The same group of subjects over a period of time

What are the disadvantages of non-experimental research designs?

Less reliable data and potential dissimilarities in nonrandomly selected groups

What do non-experimental research designs aim to conduct for comparative purposes?

Conduct for comparative purposes

What are non-experimental research designs suitable for?

Fields like psychology, sociology, and nursing

What type of research design aims to observe, describe, and document aspects of a situation as it naturally occurs?

Descriptive Research Design

Which type of research design involves examining the relationship between variables and making predictions based on this relationship?

Correlational Research Design

What type of research design collects data on variables without trying to influence those variables, detecting changes over time?

Developmental Research Design

Which type of research design investigates the distribution and causes of diseases in the population, employing cohort studies (prospective) and case-control studies (retrospective)?

Epidemiological Research Design

In which type of research design is it especially effective when the area has been previously studied?

Descriptive Research Design

What type of research design involves observing and describing the behavior of a subject without influencing it in any way?

Descriptive Research Design

Which type of research design intends to construct a picture of a phenomenon and make an account of events as they naturally occur?

Descriptive Research Design

What type of research design is used to answer questions in 'wh' word: what occur, when occur, why occur, how occur?

Descriptive Research Design

Which type of research design is especially effective when the area has been previously studied?

Descriptive Research Design

What is the purpose of descriptive research design?

To observe, describe, and document aspects of a situation as it naturally occurs.

What type of design collects data over an extended time period, examining development through a series of observations or measurements over time?

Longitudinal design

What type of design investigates distribution and causes of diseases in the population, employing cohort studies (prospective) and case-control studies (retrospective)?

Epidemiological studies

What type of design is used to describe and explore events, collecting information from a homogenous group of subjects through various methods like phone, mail, interview, or questionnaire?

Survey design

What type of studies observe and collect data on variables without trying to influence those variables, detecting changes over time?

Non-experimental research designs

What type of studies longitudinally observe the occurrence of a disease in exposed individuals, while case-control studies investigate causes after disease occurrence?

Epidemiological studies

What type of design examines data at one point in time, comparing data in respect to socio-demographic and identifying possible group differences?

Cross-sectional design

What type of studies describe developmental change and behaviors over time, commonly used in education, nutrition, epidemiology, and behavioral sciences?

Developmental studies

What type of research designs require no experiment and are suitable for fields like psychology, sociology, and nursing?

Non-experimental research designs

What type of design is used for comparative purposes, potentially affecting the clarity and error-free relationship between the dependent and independent variables?

Non-experimental research designs

What type of studies study a phenomenon at one point in time, while longitudinal surveys study the same group of subjects over a period of time?

Cross-sectional surveys

What are typical data collection methods in research design?

Questionnaire, interview, files, document, observation

What does univariant descriptive design focus on?

Frequency of a phenomenon and may involve multiple variables

What is the aim of explorative designs?

Identify, explore, and describe existing phenomena and related factors

What do comparative designs do?

Compare and contrast two or more variables on the same phenomena

What does correlational design describe?

A linear relationship and measures the strength and direction of the relationship between variables

What does prospective research design relate to?

Relates the present to the future and is often longitudinal

What are important issues in descriptive design?

Inability to make conclusions about relationships studies, graphic distortion, and response and non-response bias

What is the purpose of non-experimental research design?

To describe and explore events, collecting information from a homogenous group of subjects through various methods like phone, mail, interview, or questionnaire

What are the advantages of correlational design?

Ability to analyze relationships among a large number of variables, demonstrate the degree of relationship between variables, and open up further research opportunities

What do interrelational studies provide insight into?

The phenomenon of interest and trace the interrelationships between variables

Study Notes

Research Design Types and Characteristics

  • Data collection methods include questionnaire, interview, files, document, or observation.
  • Typical analysis methods include descriptive statistics and textual analyses like content analysis.
  • Univariant descriptive design focuses on the frequency of a phenomenon and may involve multiple variables.
  • Explorative designs aim to identify, explore, and describe existing phenomena and related factors.
  • Comparative designs compare and contrast two or more variables on the same phenomena.
  • Descriptive research design is used to define subject characteristics, measure data trends, and validate existing conditions.
  • Important issues in descriptive design include the inability to make conclusions about relationships studies, graphic distortion, and response and non-response bias.
  • Interrelational studies provide deeper insight into the phenomenon of interest and trace the interrelationships between variables.
  • Correlational design describes a linear relationship and measures the strength and direction of the relationship between variables.
  • Types of correlational research design include prospective and retrospective research designs.
  • Prospective research design relates the present to the future and is often longitudinal, while retrospective research design studies the current phenomenon by seeking information from the past.
  • Correlational design advantages include the ability to analyze relationships among a large number of variables, demonstrate the degree of relationship between variables, and open up further research opportunities.

Research Study Designs Overview

  • Predictive studies' length impacts prediction accuracy; typical analyses include regression, multiple regression, and discriminant analysis.
  • Developmental studies describe developmental change and behaviors over time, commonly used in education, nutrition, epidemiology, and behavioral sciences.
  • Cross-sectional design examines data at one point in time, comparing data in respect to socio-demographic and identifying possible group differences.
  • Longitudinal design collects data over an extended time period, examining development through a series of observations or measurements over time.
  • Epidemiological studies investigate distribution and causes of diseases in the population, employing cohort studies (prospective) and case-control studies (retrospective).
  • Cohort studies longitudinally observe the occurrence of a disease in exposed individuals, while case-control studies investigate causes after disease occurrence.
  • Survey design is used to describe and explore events, collecting information from a homogenous group of subjects through various methods like phone, mail, interview, or questionnaire.
  • Cross-sectional surveys study a phenomenon at one point in time, while longitudinal surveys study the same group of subjects over a period of time.
  • Longitudinal studies observe and collect data on variables without trying to influence those variables, detecting changes over time.
  • Non-experimental research designs require no experiment and are suitable for fields like psychology, sociology, and nursing.
  • Non-experimental research designs have disadvantages, including less reliable data and potential dissimilarities in nonrandomly selected groups, impacting study results' authenticity and generalizability.
  • Non-experimental research designs are conducted for comparative purposes, which may affect the clarity and error-free relationship between the dependent and independent variables.

Research Design Types and Characteristics

  • Data collection methods include questionnaire, interview, files, document, or observation.
  • Typical analysis methods include descriptive statistics and textual analyses like content analysis.
  • Univariant descriptive design focuses on the frequency of a phenomenon and may involve multiple variables.
  • Explorative designs aim to identify, explore, and describe existing phenomena and related factors.
  • Comparative designs compare and contrast two or more variables on the same phenomena.
  • Descriptive research design is used to define subject characteristics, measure data trends, and validate existing conditions.
  • Important issues in descriptive design include the inability to make conclusions about relationships studies, graphic distortion, and response and non-response bias.
  • Interrelational studies provide deeper insight into the phenomenon of interest and trace the interrelationships between variables.
  • Correlational design describes a linear relationship and measures the strength and direction of the relationship between variables.
  • Types of correlational research design include prospective and retrospective research designs.
  • Prospective research design relates the present to the future and is often longitudinal, while retrospective research design studies the current phenomenon by seeking information from the past.
  • Correlational design advantages include the ability to analyze relationships among a large number of variables, demonstrate the degree of relationship between variables, and open up further research opportunities.

Test your knowledge of research design types and characteristics with this quiz. Explore various data collection and analysis methods, different research designs such as univariant, explorative, comparative, and correlational, and the advantages and disadvantages of different study designs. Gain insights into predictive, developmental, cross-sectional, longitudinal, epidemiological, and survey designs, as well as non-experimental research designs.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser