Reading Techniques Handout Quiz

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12 Questions

What does the Cornell Method provide?

A systematic format for condensing and organizing notes efficiently.

Which reading technique is used to locate a specific fact or piece of information?

Scanning

What is the purpose of skimming when reading?

To get only the main ideas and a general overview of the content.

What does Non-Prose Reading refer to?

Reading illustrated visual form that summarizes ideas and information.

Which note-taking method involves evolving into a form that relates each fact or idea to one another?

The Mapping Method

What is the purpose of summarizing?

To use a few words to give the most important information about something.

What is the term used to refer to a complete statement, the point the writer is making?

Main Idea

Which type of clause can stand alone because it expresses a complete thought?

Independent

What does a faulty generalization lack in terms of support?

Facts

Which type of sentence usually ends with an exclamation point and indicates a strong emotion?

Exclamatory

What does the acronym CUE stand for in relation to the elements of a paragraph?

Coherence, Unity, Emphasis

Which type of sentence contains at least two independent clauses, usually connected by a comma and a coordinating conjunction?

Compound-Complex

Study Notes

Understanding Topic and Main Idea

  • Topic: the subject matter of a selection, what it is about
  • Main Idea: a complete statement, the point the writer is making
  • Main Idea can be a topic sentence (in a paragraph), thesis statement (in an essay or article), or theme (in a literary piece)

Generalization and Inference

  • Generalization: a broad statement or idea that applies to a group of people or things
  • Valid Generalization: a statement supported by facts, using logic and reasoning, and proven with examples
  • Faulty Generalization: a statement poorly supported by facts
  • Inference: the act of reaching a conclusion about something from known facts or evidence

Sentence and Clauses

  • Sentence: a group of words expressing a complete thought
  • Clause: a group of words with a subject and a verb
  • Independent Clause: can stand alone, expressing a complete thought
  • Dependent Clause: a subordinate clause, not expressing a complete thought

Types of Sentences

  • Declarative Sentence: makes a statement, ending with a period
  • Imperative Sentence: gives a command, usually ending with a period, but may end with an exclamation point
  • Interrogative Sentence: asks a question, ending with a question mark
  • Exclamatory Sentence: indicates strong emotion, ending with an exclamation point

Sentence Structure

  • Simple Sentence: contains only one independent clause
  • Compound Sentence: contains at least two independent clauses, connected by a comma and a coordinating conjunction
  • Complex Sentence: contains an independent clause and at least one dependent clause, using a subordinating conjunction
  • Compound-Complex Sentence: made up of a compound and a complex sentence, with two or more independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause

Paragraph

  • Origin: from the Greek word "paragraphos" meaning "to write beside" or "written beside"
  • Definition: a piece of writing focusing on one topic or idea
  • Elements of a Paragraph: unified paragraph makes a clear reading, with orderly movement of ideas, cohesion, and emphasis

Reading Techniques

  • Reading: a complex cognitive process of decoding symbols
  • Techniques: styles, systems, or practices of decoding symbols for better comprehension
  • Skimming: rapidly moving the eyes over the text for a general overview
  • Scanning: rapidly covering a great deal of material to locate a specific fact or piece of information
  • Phrase Reading: reading a phrase from a selection to understand its meaning
  • Non-Prose Reading: illustrated visual form summarizing ideas and information

Note Taking Systems

  • Note-taking: practice of writing down or recording key points of information
  • The Cornell Method: a systematic format for condensing and organizing notes
  • The Outlining Method: information begins at the left, with each more specific group of facts indented with spaces
  • The Mapping Method: uses comprehension/concentration skills, relating each fact or idea to each other
  • The Charting Method: drawing columns and labeling headings on a table

Test your knowledge of the complex cognitive process of decoding symbols and different reading techniques such as skimming and scanning. Explore styles, systems, and practices to enhance comprehension.

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