Political Science and Sociology Quiz

GaloreAmericium avatar
GaloreAmericium
·

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

16 Questions

State - Is a political unit that has sovereignty the legitimate and ultimate authority of the ______ over an area of territory and the people within it

state

Families were no longer the sole source of knowledge for knowing a society's way of life in this day and age. Social ______

socialization

Social Stratification - Is defined as a systematic categorization of individuals and institutions in a society based on their roles or functions and ______

statuses

John Locke - believed in the separation of church and ______, advocating for religious freedom and the idea that the government's role should not extend to religious matters.

state

The separation of church and state is the idea that religious institutions should be kept separate from ______ institutions.

political

In ancient societies, the church and the state were often synonymous, with the leaders of the church also being the ______ elite.

political

In these societies, political leaders also held religious leadership roles because of the common belief that they were directly related to the ______.

divine

The Evolution of Church-State Relationship - The relationship between church and state has changed over time. In ancient times, they were often combined, but as societies became more complex, a separation emerged for more efficient governance and ______.

religious freedom

Nowadays, most countries have a clear separation between the two, with governments handling politics and religious institutions focusing on ______.

faith

Separation of church and state means that religion and government should operate ______.

independently

1987 Constitution of the Philippines - The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines declares: The separation of Church and State shall be ______. (Article II, Section 6), No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise thereof.

inviolable

Divorce - court decree that terminates or dissolves a marriage. Divorced individuals are given back their single status and may marry again. Legal Separation separation of a married husband and wife. Annulment - Nullifying a marriage. Differs from divorce in the sense that it nullifies a marriage completely as if it never existed however, must have valid grounds: Bigamy, Forced consent: Fraud; Marriage prohibited by law; Mental illness; Mental incapacity: Inability to consummate marriage; Underage marriage ______.

Monogamy

Polygamy - man or woman engages in more than one marriage. Polygyny - man and multiple women Polyandry - woman and multiple ______.

men

A shaman is also known as a community healer. It is a position that is usually occupied by a ______.

male

Shamans claim to communicate with both living and dead to alleviate unrest, unsettled issues, and to deliver gifts to the ______.

spirits

A medium is well favored by members of his or her community as he or she is involved in healing rituals while in a possessed trance. A medium is also capable of performing divination to predict future courses of action. Most mediums tend to be ______.

females

Study Notes

State and Sovereignty

  • A state is a political unit that has sovereignty, the legitimate and ultimate authority over an area of territory and the people within it.

Social Institutions

  • Social institutions, such as education, have replaced families as the primary source of knowledge for a society's way of life.

Social Stratification

  • Social stratification is a systematic categorization of individuals and institutions in a society based on their roles or functions and social status.

Separation of Church and State

  • John Locke believed in the separation of church and state, advocating for religious freedom and the idea that the government's role should not extend to religious matters.
  • The separation of church and state is the idea that religious institutions should be kept separate from government institutions.
  • In ancient societies, the church and the state were often synonymous, with the leaders of the church also being the political elite.
  • As societies became more complex, a separation emerged for more efficient governance and decision-making.
  • Nowadays, most countries have a clear separation between the two, with governments handling politics and religious institutions focusing on spiritual matters.
  • Separation of church and state means that religion and government should operate independently.

Philippine Constitution

  • The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines declares: The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable (Article II, Section 6).
  • The Constitution also states that no law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise thereof.

Marriage and Family

  • Divorce is a court decree that terminates or dissolves a marriage, allowing individuals to marry again.
  • Legal Separation is the separation of a married husband and wife, but does not terminate the marriage.
  • Annulment nullifies a marriage completely, but requires valid grounds such as bigamy, forced consent, fraud, or mental illness.
  • Polygamy is when a person engages in more than one marriage, with polygyny referring to a man with multiple wives and polyandry referring to a woman with multiple husbands.

Shamanism

  • A shaman is a community healer, usually occupied by a spiritual leader, who claims to communicate with both living and dead to alleviate unrest and deliver gifts to the spirits.
  • Shamans are involved in healing rituals and are capable of performing divination to predict future courses of action.

Test your knowledge of political units, sovereignty, socialization, and social stratification with this quiz. Explore concepts related to the legitimate authority of the state, societal knowledge sources, and systematic categorization of individuals in a society.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser