Mahatma Gandhi's Life and Achievements

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When did Mahatma Gandhi return to India?

What was the indirect goal of Gandhi's last hunger strike?

What year was Gandhi born?


  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Gujarat, India.
  • He trained as a lawyer and moved to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian merchant.
  • Gandhi became involved in the fight for civil rights and led campaigns for ending discrimination and poverty.
  • In 1915, he returned to India and led the Indian National Congress.
  • Gandhi became the leader of India's independence movement in 1921 and led nationwide campaigns for the country's independence.
  • In 1947, India became independent and the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two dominions. Gandhi was opposed to the official celebration of independence and visited the affected areas.
  • Gandhi undertook several hunger strikes in an attempt to stop religious violence. The last of these, begun in Delhi in January 1948, had the indirect goal of pressuring India to pay out some cash assets owed to Pakistan.
  • Gandhi died on January 30, 1948.


Test your knowledge about Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of India's independence movement, and his significant contributions to civil rights and nonviolent resistance.

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