Pierre Bourdieu's Concepts Quiz

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What does the term 'capital' refer to in economics?

Goods, property, and financial assets

According to Bourdieu, what does cultural capital include?

Knowledge, skills, values, tastes, and behaviors

What is the primary source of inequality among classes, according to Bourdieu?

Cultural and social capital

How does Bourdieu view the access to cultural and social capital for the middle class compared to the working class?

Higher access for the middle class

According to Bourdieu, what are the characteristics of cultural capital?

Embodied, objectified, and institutionalized

How does Bourdieu define 'habitus'?

The accumulated habits, skills, and dispositions of an individual

In what way does embodied cultural capital manifest?

A 'posh' accent

What is the impact of habitus on individuals, according to Bourdieu?

It limits individuals to their inherited social status

How did Bourdieu seek to overcome the traditional structure/agency dichotomy?

By exploring how human agency interacts with structural properties of society

According to Bourdieu, what can objectified cultural capital include?

A designer outfit

Study Notes

Capital in Economics

  • In economics, 'capital' refers to the resources or wealth that generate income or value.

Bourdieu's Cultural Capital

  • Cultural capital, according to Bourdieu, includes non-economic resources, such as education, knowledge, and cultural competencies, that provide social advantage.

Inequality among Classes

  • Bourdieu argues that the primary source of inequality among classes is the unequal distribution of cultural and social capital.

Access to Cultural and Social Capital

  • Bourdieu views the middle class as having greater access to cultural and social capital compared to the working class, which limits social mobility.

Characteristics of Cultural Capital

  • According to Bourdieu, cultural capital is characterized as being convertible, collective, and having a symbolic value.


  • Bourdieu defines 'habitus' as the set of dispositions, preferences, and tastes that individuals develop as a result of their socialization and cultural background.

Embodied Cultural Capital

  • Embodied cultural capital manifests through the development of personal skills, abilities, and bodily dispositions that are valued in a particular society.

Impact of Habitus

  • Habitual dispositions, according to Bourdieu, shape an individual's perceptions, preferences, and actions, influencing their social trajectory.

Overcoming the Structure/Agency Dichotomy

  • Bourdieu sought to overcome the traditional structure/agency dichotomy by emphasizing the interplay between individual agency and societal structures that shape social outcomes.

Objectified Cultural Capital

  • Objectified cultural capital, according to Bourdieu, can include material objects, such as artworks, luxury goods, or cultural artifacts, that embody cultural value.

Test your knowledge of Pierre Bourdieu's concepts including capital, habitus, fields, and symbolic violence. Explore his ideas of social class and capital, and how he extended the concept of 'class' to include culture and socialization.

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