Physiology Unit 1: Chemical Composition of the Body Quiz

ProductiveGorgon avatar
ProductiveGorgon
·

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

10 Questions

What is the smallest unit that retains the properties of an element?

Atom

What is the net charge of the nucleus?

+1

What does atomic number refer to in an atom?

Number of protons

What is measured in daltons for an atom?

Atomic weight

Which major element is essential for form and function in the human body?

Nitrogen (N)

Which type of bond allows molecules to rotate around their shared electrons and change shapes?

Covalent bond

What type of bond results in unequal sharing of electrons, giving the atom with higher share a more negative charge?

Polar bond

Which type of bond forms between the hydrogen atom in one polar bond and an oxygen or nitrogen atom in another polar bond?

Hydrogen bond

What is formed when two oppositely charged ions form a bond?

Ionic bond

What is an atom with a single electron in its outermost orbital known as?

Free radical

Study Notes

Atomic Structure

  • The smallest unit that retains the properties of an element is an atom.

Nuclear Properties

  • The net charge of the nucleus is positive.

Atomic Number

  • Atomic number refers to the number of protons present in an atom.

Atomic Mass

  • The atomic mass of an atom is measured in daltons.

Biological Importance

  • Phosphorus is a major element essential for form and function in the human body.

Chemical Bonding

  • A sigma bond allows molecules to rotate around their shared electrons and change shapes.
  • A polar covalent bond results in unequal sharing of electrons, giving the atom with higher share a more negative charge.
  • A hydrogen bond forms between the hydrogen atom in one polar bond and an oxygen or nitrogen atom in another polar bond.
  • An ionic bond is formed when two oppositely charged ions form a bond.

Orbital Configuration

  • An atom with a single electron in its outermost orbital is known as a radical.

Test your knowledge of the chemical composition of the body and the basic functions of cells. This quiz covers the structure of atoms, including protons, neutrons, and electrons.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser