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Pharm test 2024

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44 Questions

Which medication is correctly defined as an adrenergic agonist?

Dopamine

What is the most correct standard adult dosage of albuterol via small volume nebulizer (SVN)?

2.5 mg - 5.0 mg

What is the correct pediatric dosage of naloxone?

0.1 mg/kg (up to 2.0 mg per dose)IV/IO/IM, 1.0 mg sprayed in each nostril IN, ET: 2.0 to 4.0 mg diluted in 3.0 to 5.0 mL normal saline, May repeat the dosage every 2 minutes

What is the correct standard dosage of glucagon?

1.0 mg, may repeat the dosage in 7 to 10 minutes

What is the correct dosage range for verapamil given slow intravenous push (SIVP)?

2.5 - 5.0 mg SIVP

Which medication is correctly classified as an anticholinergic?

Atropine

How many milliliters are in a liter?

1,000 liters

How many milligrams are there in 1 gram?

1,000

What is the initial dosage of lidocaine?

1.0 to 1.5 mg, max dosage 3.0 mg/kg, Maintenance infusion: 2.0 to 4.0 mg/minute

Which medication is correctly defined as a pancreatic hormone?

Glucagon

What is the correct pediatric dosage range for Ativan (lorazepam)?

0.05 to 0.1 mg/kg

What is the correct dosage of Ketamine in mg/kg?

1.5 mg/kg

What is the most standard adult dosage of Lasix (furosemide) in mg/kg?

0 5- 1.0 mg/kg

What is the correct dosage of Rocuronium (Rocc) in mg/kg?

1.0 mg/kg

What is the correct dosage of Succinylcholine (Succs) in mg/kg?

1.5 mg/kg

How many micrograms are there in 1 gram?

1,000,000 micrograms

What is the correct initial dosage of Fentanyl in mcg/kg for pediatric patients?

1 - 2 mcg/kg, up to 50mcg

What is the initial Lorazepam (Ativan) dosage?

2-4mg IV/IO, 2 mg/min max IM, max of 8mg(2-8mg)

What is the typical adult initial dosage for etomidate?

0.3 mg/kg

What is the initial dosage of thiamine?

100 mg

What is the initial dosage for midazolam (Versed)?

1-5mg SIVP, 2 -10 IM, 0.2-0.3mg/kg IN, Max of 10, May repeat in 10(1-10 mg)

What is the formula for an amiodarone or magnesium infusion?

VTBI( volume to be infused) x ggts/mL(drops per milliliter) divided by time

What is the pediatric dosage for epinephrine?

0.01 mg/kg (1:10,000) IV/IO, May repeat the dosage every 3 to 5 minutes during resuscitation

What is the initial dosage for Amiodarone?

Cardiac arrest: 300 mg RIVP, followed by a 10- 20 mL NS flush, Ventricular arrhythmias infusion: 1mg/minute- 150 mg in 50 mL D5W over 10 minutes

What is the initial dosage of morphine sulfate?

1- 4 mg over 1- 5 minutes

What is the cardiac dysrhythmias dosage for magnesium sulfate( Torsaids de points and ventricular dysrhythmias refractory to amiodarone and lidocaine in the presence of a cardiac arrest)?

Torsaids: 1- 2 Gm in 50- 100 mL over 5 minutes, Cardiac arrest: 1- 2 Gm over 1- 2 minutes

What is the preeclampsia infusion dosage for magnesium sulfate?

3.0- 6.0 Gm in 100 mL over 10- 20 minutes

What is the dosage for reactive airway disease for magnesium sulfate?

2.0 Gm in 50 mL over 5- 10 minutes

What is the pediatric dosage racemic epinephrine for children 4 years or younger for croup, bronchiolitis, and bronchospasm associated with asthma?

0.25 mL of 2.25% inhalation solution mixed in 3.0 mL normal saline or 0.5 mL/kg of 1.0 mg/1.0 mL epinephrine (1:1,000) mixed in 3.0 mL normal saline Maximum dose: 2.5 mL

magnesium sulfate pediatric dosage

Reactive airway conditions infusion: 25 to 50 mg/kg 10% solution infused over 15 to 30 minutes Maximum dosage 2.0 gm

What is the pediatric dosage racemic epinephrine for children 4 years or older for croup, bronchiolitis, and bronchospasm associated with asthma?

up to 0.5 mL of 2.25% inhalation solution mixed in 3.0 mL normal saline or 0.5 mL/kg of 1.0 mg/1.0 mL epinephrine (1:1,000) mixed in 3.0 mL normal saline
Maximum dose: 5.0 mL(2mL of 1:1,000 epinephrine in 3mLs of NS)

What is the pediatric dosage for methylprednisolone?

2.0 to 4.0 mg/kg

What is the pediatric dosage for epinephrine for anaphylaxis?

0.01 mg/kg IM(1:1,000) EPI auto injector 0.15 mg IM (1:1,000)

What is the dopamine infusion rate for pediatric patients?

2.0 to 20 mcg/kg/minute

What is the pediatric dosage for atropine?

Hemodynamically significant bradycardia: 0.02 mg/kg May repeat the dosage every 3 to 5 minutes to maximum dosage 1.0 mg in children and 2.0 mg in adolescents Organophosphate poisoning/carbamate poisoning/nerve agent exposure: 0.03 to 0.05 mg/kg every 10 to 20 minutes

What is the pediatric dosage for amiodarone?

Ventricular fibrillation: 5.0 mg/kg May repeat the dosage every 5 minutes twice Maximum dosage 300 mg(15mg/kg Max daily dose) Ventricular tachycardia: 5.0 mg/kg over 20 minutes May repeat the dosage twice

What is the pediatric dosage for lidocaine?

VF and pulseless VT: 1.0 mg/kg May repeat the dosage 1.0 mg/kg one time in 3 to 5 minutes during resuscitation Ventricular dysrhythmias with a pulse: 1.0 mg/kg May repeat the dosage in 5 to 10 minutes Maximum dosage 3.0 mg/kg Maintenance infusion: 20 to 50 mcg/kg/minute ET: 2.0 to 2.5 times the bolus dosage diluted in 3.0 to 5.0 mL normal saline

What is the pediatric dosage for adenosine?

0.1 mg/kg (up to 6.0 mg) RAPID bolus over 1 to 3 seconds followed by 5 to10 mL normal saline flush If no response to the initial bolus after 1 to 2 minutes, administer 0.2 mg/kg (up to 12 mg) RAPID bolus over 1 to 3 seconds followed by 5.0 to 10 mL normal saline flush

What is the pediatric dosage for midazolam?

Seizure IV/IO: 0.05 to 0.1 mg/kg Seizure IM: 0.2 mg/kg Maximum dosage: 10 mg Procedural sedation IV/IO: 0.05 to 0.5 mg/kg Maximum dosage 0.1 mg/kg

What is the pediatric dosage for diphenhydramine?

1.0 to 1.25 mg/kg

What is the pediatric dosage for morphine sulfate?

0.1 to 0.2 mg/kg

What is the pediatric dosage for pediatric patients 4 to 14 years for ondansetron oral/IV/IO?

4.0 mg, Maximum dosage 4.0 mg

What is the pediatric dosage for oral glucose?

5.0 to 50 gm, may repeat the dosage

What is the pediatric dosage for calcium chloride?

0.2 to 0.25 mL/kg 10% solution

Study Notes

  • Common measurement conversions are necessary for everyday tasks, including converting milligrams to grams, milliliters to liters, and vice versa.
  • To convert milligrams to grams, divide the number of milligrams by 1000. For example, 1 mg = 0.001 g.
  • Converting milliliters to liters involves dividing the number of milliliters by 1000. For instance, 1 mL = 0.001 L.
  • For liters to milliliters conversion, multiply the number of liters by 1000. For example, 0.5 L = 500 mL.
  • Amidate is an IV anesthetic used for induction with a typical initial adult dose range of 0.2–0.3 mg/kg, reaching up to 0.6 mg/kg in specific cases.
  • Rocuronium is a muscle relaxant with a typical adult dosage range of 0.6–1.2 mg/kg and a loading dose of 1.2 mg/kg for rapid sequence intubation.
  • Ketamine, a dissociative anesthetic, has varying dosages depending on use, with a bolus dose of 0.5–1 mg/kg IV during induction.
  • Succinylcholine, another muscle relaxant, has an initial dose of 1.5 mg/kg IV, potentially increasing to 2 mg/kg in certain situations.

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