Oral Pathology Specialty Quiz

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20 Questions

What is the branch of dentistry concerned with the diseases of oral and paraoral structures, including oral soft tissues and mucous membranes, teeth, jaws, and salivary glands?

Oral Pathology

Which cells are classified as granulocytes in the context of inflammatory cells?

Eosinophils

What are the cardinal signs of inflammation?

Redness, Swelling, Pain

How are PRIMARY types of lesions characterized in oral pathology?

Flat

Which type of lesion is described as a sharply circumscribed discoloration, flat, and up to 1cm in diameter?

Macule

What is the primary difference between a papule and a plaque?

Size

Which type of lesion is a sharply circumscribed serous fluid-filled elevation more than 1cm in diameter?

Bullae

What distinguishes a nodule from a tumor in terms of size?

Diameter

Which type of lesion is characterized by a break in the continuity of the epithelium and is deeper than an erosion?

Ulcer

What does the term 'infiltration' refer to in the context of lesions?

Extension of the primary lesion into deeper tissue

What is the primary cause of clefts in the primary palate?

Absence of mesoderm penetration between the medial nasal and maxillary processes

What is the reason behind clefts in the secondary palate?

Lack of fusion between the palatine shelves

At what stage do the palatal shelves initially assume a vertical position?

Sixth week

What forms at the junction where the anterior part of the palatal shelves fuses with the triangular primary palate?

Incisive foramen

Which muscle is often intact but hypoplastic in cases of unilateral cleft lip?

Orbicularis oris

What is the direction in which the nasal ala on the side of the cleft is displaced?

Laterally, inferiorly, and posteriorly

What is a common link to genes in relation to oral clefts?

Chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 19 among others

What is a maternal factor that has been associated with causing oral clefts?

Maternal smoking (especially more than 20/day)

What is the reported incidence range of oral clefts in live births?

1 in 500 to 1 in 2500

At what age do surgeries typically start to correct simple cleft lip/palate?

About 3 months of age

Test your knowledge on the specialty of dentistry and pathology which focuses on diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. Explore the causes, processes, and effects of oral diseases, including those of the oral soft tissues, mucous membranes, teeth, jaws, and salivary glands.

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