Nutrient Requirements and Energy Intake Quiz

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20 Questions

Which of the following is a major component of energy output?

All of the above

What is the average energy intake for American men?

~2600 kcal/d

Which equation is used to estimate resting energy expenditure (REE) for males?

REE = 900 + 10m

What is the estimated energy requirement (EER)?

The total caloric needs in a state of energy balance

Which amino acids are considered essential?

Histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine/cystine, phenylalanine/tyrosine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine

What happens to protein intake when energy intake is inadequate?

Protein intake must be increased

What is the formula for estimating REE for females?

REE = 700 + 7m

What is the energy cost of metabolizing food also known as?

Thermic effect of food

What are the two components of energy output?

Resting energy expenditure and energy cost of metabolizing food

What is the average energy intake for American women?

~1800 kcal/d

Which of the following is the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for protein for adults assuming energy needs are met and the protein is of relatively high biologic value?

0.8 g/kg desirable body mass per day

Which of the following combinations can increase the biologic value of plant proteins and lower total protein intakes necessary to meet requirements?

Combinations of plant proteins that complement one another in their essential amino acid profiles

In which condition is tolerance to dietary protein decreased?

Renal insufficiency

What is the recommended maximum total fat intake for optimal health?

30% of calories

Which types of fat should be limited to 5 kg in the past 6 months?

Saturated fat and trans fat

In which patients should a more complete dietary assessment be conducted in acute-care settings?

Patients with a high risk of malnutrition on nutritional screening

What are some simple observations that may suggest inadequate oral intake in acutely ill patients?

Frequent refusal to eat or the amount of food eaten on trays

Why do acutely ill patients with diet-related diseases such as diabetes need dietary assessment?

An inappropriate diet may exacerbate these conditions

When should the nutritional status of hospitalized patients be reassessed?

At least once every week

What is the type of dietary assessment that is indicated for patients who exhibit a high risk of or frank malnutrition on nutritional screening?

A more complete dietary assessment

Test your knowledge on essential nutrient requirements and energy intake with this quiz. Learn about the major components of energy output and how to maintain a stable weight.

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