Mughal Empire in India Quiz

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15 Questions

What was the capital of the loose empire of Turkish warlords in India between the 13th - 16th centuries?

Delhi

Who devastated Indian cities and temples in 17 brutal campaigns around 1000 AD?

Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni

Which group rose to power in India after the fall of the Gupta Empire?

Rajputs

Who were the descendants of Timur the Lame and Genghis Khan that rose to power in India?

Mughals

Who was the founder of the Mughal Empire?

Babur

Which Mughal ruler emphasized wisdom, tolerance, and expansion during his reign?

Akbar

Which language became the official language of Pakistan due to its usage in the Mughal armies?

Urdu

Who built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife?

Shah Jahan

Which Mughal ruler expanded the empire to its greatest size but oppressed his people and enforced Islamic laws?

Aurangzeb

Which ruler welcomed different cultural influences and traditions, and didn't force others to convert?

Akbar

Who was removed and exiled but later returned with his army in 1526?

Babur

Which Mughal ruler was known as 'Grasper of the World'?

Jahangir

Who expanded the Mughal empire to its greatest size but faced a war of succession as his power weakened?

Aurangzeb

Which ruler dismissed Hindus from high positions and destroyed Hindu monuments?

Aurangzeb

Who handed over Bombay to the British in 1661?

Aurangzeb

Study Notes

Delhi Sultanate (13th-16th centuries)

  • The capital of the loose empire of Turkish warlords in India was Delhi.

Mahmud of Ghazni (1000 AD)

  • Devastated Indian cities and temples in 17 brutal campaigns.

Rise of the Rajputs

  • The Rajputs rose to power in India after the fall of the Gupta Empire.

Mughal Empire

  • The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur, a descendant of Timur the Lame and Genghis Khan.

Mughal Rulers

  • Akbar emphasized wisdom, tolerance, and expansion during his reign.
  • Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
  • Aurangzeb expanded the empire to its greatest size but oppressed his people and enforced Islamic laws.
  • Akbar welcomed different cultural influences and traditions, and didn't force others to convert.

Babur

  • Removed and exiled, but later returned with his army in 1526.

Aladdin Muhammad Akbar

  • Known as 'Grasper of the World'.

Aurangzeb

  • Expanded the Mughal empire to its greatest size but faced a war of succession as his power weakened.

Shah Jahan

  • Dismissed Hindus from high positions and destroyed Hindu monuments.

Shah Jahan and the British

  • Handed over Bombay to the British in 1661.

Urdu

  • Urdu became the official language of Pakistan due to its usage in the Mughal armies.

Test your knowledge about the Mughal Empire in India with this quiz covering its emergence, unity creation, and pre-British control. Prepare for the quiz by reviewing warm-up questions and learning how the empire emerged, and understanding its significance before the British Imperial period.

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