What are micronutrients?
How many minerals do humans and animals require that originate from Earth's soil and are not synthesized by living organisms?
Who are the most vulnerable populations to micronutrient deficiencies?
What is the recommended strategy for ensuring adequate human iodine intake?
What is double-fortified salt?
What is biofortification of crop plants?
What is golden rice?
What are the priority programs to address micronutrient deficiencies?
What is the impact of micronutrient-enriched fertilizers?
Micronutrient Deficiencies: Causes, Impacts and Interventions
- Micronutrients are essential elements required by organisms to maintain health. They include vitamins and dietary minerals.
- Humans and animals require 13 minerals which originate from Earth's soil and are not synthesized by living organisms.
- Micronutrient deficiencies are a public health problem worldwide that can lead to impaired growth and neurodevelopment, perinatal complications, and increased risk of morbidity and mortality.
- Women of reproductive age, children and adolescents, and the elderly are among the most vulnerable populations to micronutrient deficiencies.
- Salt iodization is the recommended strategy for ensuring adequate human iodine intake.
- Vitamin A supplementation is recommended for children aged 6-59 months in areas with vitamin A deficiency.
- Double-fortified salt is a public health tool for delivering nutritional iron, developed by Venkatesh Mannar and Levente Diosady.
- Micronutrient-enriched fertilizers can have an impact on plant deficiencies and on humans and animals through the food chain.
- Zinc fertilization can increase crop yields, and zinc-enriched wheat can address zinc deficiencies in humans.
- Biofortification of crop plants is being used to address micronutrient deficiencies in regions of poverty and malnutrition.
- Golden rice is a genetically modified rice that has been fortified with beta-carotene to supply countries with Vitamin A deficiencies.
- Priority programs to address micronutrient deficiencies include supplementation, food fortification, staple food fortification, biofortification, and behavior-centered nutrition education.
Test your knowledge on micronutrient deficiencies, their causes, impacts, and interventions with this informative quiz. From the essential elements required by organisms to maintain health to the priority programs for addressing micronutrient deficiencies, this quiz covers all the key concepts. Whether you are a nutritionist, a health professional, or just interested in learning more about the topic, this quiz is sure to challenge and educate you. Don't miss out on the opportunity to expand your knowledge on this important public health issue.
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