Medical Chemistry: Lipids and Their Functions

GraciousArgon avatar
GraciousArgon
·

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

25 Questions

What is the main function of neutral fats?

Serve as a fuel and are stored in specialized cells

Which type of lipids are esters of fatty acids with alcohols like glycerol?

Neutral lipids

What do phospholipids mainly contribute to in the body?

Building block in cell membrane

Which statement is true about the myelin sheath of the nerves?

It is made of phospholipids

What is the characteristic solubility property of most lipids?

Insoluble in water and soluble in nonpolar solvents

Which type of lipids contain other groups in addition to alcohols and fatty acids?

Compound or conjugated lipids

What are the examples of derived lipids?

Sterol, Bile acid

What is the myelin sheath of the nerves considered as?

Phospholipids

From which macronutrient are nonessential fatty acids mainly formed de novo in the animal body?

Carbohydrates

What is obtained from the hydrolysis of fats?

Fatty acids

What does the deficiency of essential fatty acids lead to?

Dermatitis, fatty liver, impaired growth and reproduction

What type of fatty acids are linoleic, linolenic, and arachidonic acids?

Polyunsaturated fatty acids

What is lauric acid considered as?

Saturated fatty acid

Which group of fatty acids includes those formed de novo in the animal body mainly from carbohydrates?

Nonessential Fatty Acids

What is the classification of fatty acids based on whether they are formed in the animal body or not?

Essential Fatty Acids and Nonessential Fatty Acids

What is the main function of neutral fats?

Serving as a fuel stored in specialized cells

Which type of lipids contain other groups in addition to alcohols and fatty acids?

Compound or conjugated lipids

What do phospholipids mainly contribute to in the body?

Building block in cell membrane

What are the examples of derived lipids?

Waxes

What is obtained from the hydrolysis of fats?

Fatty acids and glycerol

Which type of lipids are produced by hydrolysis of the above two groups or present in association with them in nature?

Sterol

What is the main result of the deficiency of essential fatty acids in the diet?

All of the above

Which type of fatty acids are short, medium, or long chain monocarboxylic acids?

Saturated fatty acids

What is obtained from the hydrolysis of fats?

Fatty acids

What is the classification of fatty acids based on whether they are formed in the animal body or not?

Nonessential Fatty Acids

This quiz covers the definition of lipids as organic compounds, their common properties, and functions such as storage of neutral fats, acting as a medium for fat-soluble vitamins, and serving as structural components of cell membranes.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Medical Chemistry
16 questions

Medical Chemistry

ThrillingTsilaisite avatar
ThrillingTsilaisite
Medical Chemistry: Chemical Bonding Basics
10 questions
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser