Mechanisms of Breathing in Different Animal Groups

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Which animals exchange O2 with CO2 by simple diffusion over their entire body surface?

Sponges

What do most aquatic arthropods and molluscs use for the exchange of gases?

Gills

How do reptiles, birds, and mammals respire?

Through lungs

Which group of animals can respire through their moist skin?

Amphibians like frogs

Which structures do insects use to transport atmospheric air within the body?

Tracheal tubes

How do lower invertebrates like sponges exchange O2 with CO2?

By simple diffusion over their entire body surface

What respiratory structures are used by terrestrial forms for the exchange of gases?

Lungs

How do most aquatic arthropods and molluscs exchange gases?

Through gills

In which group of animals can frogs respire through their moist skin?

Amphibians

Explore the diverse mechanisms of breathing in various animal groups, from simple diffusion in lower invertebrates to specialized structures like tracheal tubes and gills in insects, aquatic arthropods, and molluscs.

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