Marbury v. Madison (1803) Case Study

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6 Questions

Who was the President of the United States when Marbury was appointed as a justice of the peace?

John Adams

What was the main legal concept established by the Supreme Court in Marbury v. Madison?

Power of judicial review

Who refused to deliver Marbury's commission as a justice of the peace?

Thomas Jefferson

Which clause in the Constitution supports the Supreme Court's authority for judicial review?

Supremacy Clause

What did Marbury sue James Madison for in the Supreme Court?

To get his commission via a writ of mandamus

According to Marbury v. Madison, what did the Court establish itself as?

The final interpreter of the Constitution

Study Notes

Marbury v. Madison

  • The President of the United States when Marbury was appointed as a justice of the peace was John Adams.
  • The Supreme Court established the main legal concept of judicial review, which grants the Court the power to declare laws and government actions unconstitutional.
  • James Madison, the Secretary of State, refused to deliver Marbury's commission as a justice of the peace.
  • The Supreme Court's authority for judicial review is supported by the Constitution's Article III, Section 2, which grants the Court the jurisdiction to decide cases involving the Constitution and federal laws.
  • Marbury sued James Madison for refusing to deliver his commission as a justice of the peace.
  • The Court established itself as the highest authority in the land, with the power to declare laws and government actions unconstitutional, thereby establishing the principle of judicial review.

Explore the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case that established the power of judicial review. Dive into the background, key players, and legal arguments of the Marbury v. Madison case.

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