Male Reproductive System Anatomy and Physiology Quiz

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42 Questions

What is the shape of the prostate gland?

Which zone of the prostate gland borders the bladder and has the ejaculatory ducts traverse through it?

What blood vessels supply the prostate and the seminal vesicles?

Which part of the prostate may obstruct the urinary flow due to enlargement?

What is the alkaline pH of semen?

Which gland contributes the least to the production of semen?

Where are the secretions of the seminal vesicle drained?

Which muscles support the prostate gland?

What is the normal value for prostatic specific antigen (PSA) used for cancer screening?

Which zone in the prostate is the most anterior?

What is the process called when the prostate enlarges with aging?

Where is Denonvilliers’ fascia located?

What provides better detail on the prostate and seminal vesicles?

At what location does the ejaculatory duct join the urethra?

What is the normal length of a seminal vesicle?

What is the normal width of a prostate gland?

What divides the scrotum externally and internally?

What is the endocrine function of the testis?

What structures does each compartment of the scrotum contain?

Where are sperm cells produced in the testicle?

What is the most common cancer found in a patient with cryptorchidism?

What congenital deformity has a predisposition to testicular torsion?

At what age is testicular torsion most common?

What is the most common cause of acute testicular pain in adults?

What is Klinefelter syndrome?

What features are characteristic of Klinefelter syndrome?

A patient presents with a painless scrotal mass and elevated hCG levels. What is the most likely diagnosis?

A sonogram revealed a heterogeneous mass within the scrotum that demonstrates peristalsis. What pathology does this describe?

What is the shape of the prostate gland?

Which blood vessels supply the prostate and the seminal vesicles?

What is the echogenicity of the prostate gland compared with the seminal vesicle?

Which zone of the prostate gland may obstruct urinary flow due to enlargement?

Where is Denonvilliers’ fascia located?

What is the normal value for prostatic specific antigen (PSA) used for prostatic cancer screening?

At what location does the ejaculatory duct join the urethra?

Which part of the prostate may obstruct urinary flow due to enlargement?

What provides better detail on the prostate and seminal vesicles?

What blood vessels supply the prostate and seminal vesicles?

What is Klinefelter syndrome?

What structures does each compartment of the scrotum contain?

Where are sperm cells produced in the testicle?

What is benign hypertrophy related to?

Summary

Anatomy & Physiology of Male Reproductive System

  • Semen is produced from 4 glands: testes (5%), Cowper glands (5%), prostate gland (30%), and seminal vesicles (60%)
  • Semen has an alkaline pH of about 7.8 and contains fructose secreted from the seminal vesicles
  • Secretions of the seminal vesicle are drained by the ejaculatory duct
  • Denonvilliers’ fascia is located between the prostate gland and the anterior wall of the rectum
  • The prostate gland is supported by the obturator internus and levator ani muscles
  • The ejaculatory duct joins the urethra at the verumontanum, located at the center of the prostate
  • The central zone is located posterior to the periurethral region in the prostate
  • The fibromuscular zone is the most anterior zone in the prostate, while the peripheral zone is the most posterior
  • The prostate enlarges with aging, a process called benign hypertrophy
  • Prostatic specific antigen (PSA) is used for prostatic cancer screening, with a normal value below 4 ng/ml
  • Transrectal scanning provides better detail on the prostate and seminal vesicles, while transabdominal scanning is preferred for prostatic measurements
  • A normal prostate measures 3.8 cm length, 4 cm width, and 3 cm thickness (AP), while a normal seminal vesicle measures 5 cm in length and 1 cm in diameter

Anatomy & Physiology of Male Reproductive System

  • Semen is produced by 4 glands: testes (5%), Cowper glands (5%), prostate gland (30%), and seminal vesicles (60%)
  • Semen is alkaline with a pH of about 7.8, and fructose is secreted by the seminal vesicles
  • The ejaculatory duct drains the secretions of the seminal vesicle
  • Denonvilliers’ fascia is located between the prostate gland and the anterior wall of the rectum
  • The prostate gland is supported by the obturator internus and levator ani muscles
  • The ejaculatory duct joins the urethra at the verumontanum, located at the center of the prostate
  • The central zone is located posterior to the periurethral region in the prostate
  • The most anterior zone in the prostate is the fibromuscular zone, and the most posterior zone is the peripheral zone
  • The prostate size enlarges with aging, a process called benign hypertrophy
  • Prostatic specific antigen (PSA) is used for prostatic cancer screening, with a normal value below 4 ng/ml
  • Transrectal scanning is preferred for better detail on the prostate and seminal vesicles, while transabdominal scanning is preferred for prostatic measurements
  • The normal prostate size is 3.8 cm length, 4 cm width, and 3 cm thickness (AP), and the normal seminal vesicle measures 5 cm in length and 1 cm in diameter

Description

Test your knowledge of the male reproductive system's anatomy and physiology with this quiz. Explore key details about semen production, prostate gland, ejaculatory duct, and more. Ideal for students, medical professionals, and anyone interested in male reproductive health.

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